About the Surah

Surah Title : الحشر

English Title : Al-Hashr

Order in Al-Mushaf : 59

Number of Verses : 24

Type : madinah

Page Number in Al-Mushaf : From Page 545 To Page 548


ذَٰلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمۡ شَآقُّواْ ٱللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُۥۖ وَمَن يُشَآقِّ ٱللَّهَ فَإِنَّ ٱللَّهَ شَدِيدُ ٱلۡعِقَابِ


       That is because they opposed Allah and His messenger [Muhammad (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him)]. And whosoever opposes Allah, then Allah is severe in punishment.


The reason for descending the verse

The commentators of the Qur'an said, “This verse was revealed about Banu'l-Nadir. When the Prophet (s.a.w) moved to Madinah, they signed a treaty with him in which they agreed not to fight against him or with him and the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) consented. Then when the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) defeated the idolaters at Badr, Banu'l-Nadir said, 'By Allah, he is the Prophet whose description we find in the Torah; he will not be defeated'. However, when the Muslims were defeated at Uhud, they broke their pledge and showed enmity toward the Messenger of Allah(s.a.w) and Muslims. The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) surrounded them and then they signed a settlement treaty in which it was agreed that they leave Madinah.” (Al-Wahidi, Reasons of Revelation)

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