About the Surah
Surah Title : البلد
English Title : Al-Balad
Order in Al-Mushaf : 90
Number of Verses : 20
Type : makkah
Page Number in Al-Mushaf : From Page 594 To Page 594
بِسۡمِ ٱللَّهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ
In the name of Allah, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful.
لَآ أُقۡسِمُ بِهَٰذَا ٱلۡبَلَدِ1 1
I swear by this city (Makkah) [which is the place of birth and residence of Prophet Muhammad (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him). Hence, it is a very esteemed city as also mentioned in Surah At-Tin:3].
وَأَنتَ حِلُّۢ بِهَٰذَا ٱلۡبَلَدِ2 2
You are the resident of this city (or, the fighting is made lawful for you in this city temporarily during the conquest of Makkah).
لَقَدۡ خَلَقۡنَا ٱلۡإِنسَٰنَ فِي كَبَدٍ4 4
Man is created to struggle through toil and trouble (Tabari).
أَيَحۡسَبُ أَن لَّن يَقۡدِرَ عَلَيۡهِ أَحَدٞ5 5
Does man (i.e. the disbeliever) think that nobody can make him accountable?
يَقُولُ أَهۡلَكۡتُ مَالٗا لُّبَدًا6 6
He declares (boastfully): “I have spent a lot of wealth (in world-ly pursuits)!”
أَيَحۡسَبُ أَن لَّمۡ يَرَهُۥٓ أَحَدٌ7 7
Does he think that none sees him? (i.e. Allah does not see him spending lavishly in sinful activities and, therefore, He will not punish him).
أَلَمۡ نَجۡعَل لَّهُۥ عَيۡنَيۡنِ8 8
(Allah reminds about His Favours to man so that he should avoid sinful activities.) Have We not made for him two eyes (with which he can see),
وَلِسَانٗا وَشَفَتَيۡنِ9 9
And a tongue and two lips? (He speaks with the tongue and expresses his inner feelings. He makes use of lips for speaking and eating. And they add to the beauty of the face).
فَلَا ٱقۡتَحَمَ ٱلۡعَقَبَةَ11 11
So man did not follow the steep path yet (i.e. he has not yet struggled against the hardships which are necessary to avoid sin).
ثُمَّ كَانَ مِنَ ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَتَوَاصَوۡاْ بِٱلصَّبۡرِ وَتَوَاصَوۡاْ بِٱلۡمَرۡحَمَةِ17 17
(By fulfilling these human obligations,) then you become one of those who believe, and motivate one another to remain patient and recommend one another to adhere to piety and compassion.
أُوْلَٰٓئِكَ أَصۡحَٰبُ ٱلۡمَيۡمَنَةِ18 18
They are those on the Right Hand (i.e. the Residents of Paradise).
وَٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ بَِٔايَٰتِنَا هُمۡ أَصۡحَٰبُ ٱلۡمَشَۡٔمَةِ19 19
And those who disbelieve in Our revelations are on the Left Hand (i.e. the residents of Hell)