About the Surah
Surah Title : الكهف
English Title : Al-Kahf
Order in Al-Mushaf : 18
Number of Verses : 110
Type : makkah
Page Number in Al-Mushaf : From Page 293 To Page 304
بِسۡمِ ٱللَّهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ
In the name of Allah, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful.
ٱلۡحَمۡدُ لِلَّهِ ٱلَّذِيٓ أَنزَلَ عَلَىٰ عَبۡدِهِ ٱلۡكِتَٰبَ وَلَمۡ يَجۡعَل لَّهُۥ عِوَجَاۜ1 1
All form of praise and thanks are for Allah (Alone), Who has sent down to His slave [Muhammad (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him)] the Book which has no crookedness (in its wordings and meanings and no deviation from the middle path).
قَيِّمٗا لِّيُنذِرَ بَأۡسٗا شَدِيدٗا مِّن لَّدُنۡهُ وَيُبَشِّرَ ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنِينَ ٱلَّذِينَ يَعۡمَلُونَ ٱلصَّٰلِحَٰتِ أَنَّ لَهُمۡ أَجۡرًا حَسَنٗا2 2
It is a straight forward and firm Book to warn (the disbelievers) about a se-vere torment from Him and to give glad tidings to the believers who do good deeds that there is a fantastic reward (i.e. Paradise) for them.
وَيُنذِرَ ٱلَّذِينَ قَالُواْ ٱتَّخَذَ ٱللَّهُ وَلَدٗا4 4
And to warn those who say: “Allah has begotten a son.”
مَّا لَهُم بِهِۦ مِنۡ عِلۡمٖ وَلَا لِأٓبَآئِهِمۡۚ كَبُرَتۡ كَلِمَةٗ تَخۡرُجُ مِنۡ أَفۡوَٰهِهِمۡۚ إِن يَقُولُونَ إِلَّا كَذِبٗا5 5
Neither they nor their fore-fathers have any knowledge about it. It is a terri-ble wording which they express by their mouths. They utter nothing but a lie.
فَلَعَلَّكَ بَٰخِعٞ نَّفۡسَكَ عَلَىٰٓ ءَاثَٰرِهِمۡ إِن لَّمۡ يُؤۡمِنُواْ بِهَٰذَا ٱلۡحَدِيثِ أَسَفًا6 6
So if they don’t believe in this statement (i.e. the Quran) would you kill yourself [O Muhammad (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him)!] with the grief while convincing them?
إِنَّا جَعَلۡنَا مَا عَلَى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ زِينَةٗ لَّهَا لِنَبۡلُوَهُمۡ أَيُّهُمۡ أَحۡسَنُ عَمَلٗا7 7
Indeed, We have made that which is on the earth as an adorn-ment for it to test who among them performs the best deeds.
وَإِنَّا لَجَٰعِلُونَ مَا عَلَيۡهَا صَعِيدٗا جُرُزًا8 8
And, indeed, We shall make everything on the earth a clear flat field (with-out any adornment).
أَمۡ حَسِبۡتَ أَنَّ أَصۡحَٰبَ ٱلۡكَهۡفِ وَٱلرَّقِيمِ كَانُواْ مِنۡ ءَايَٰتِنَا عَجَبًا9 9
Do you think that the people of the Cave and Inscription (in the cave) were extraordinary things among Our signs? (In fact, all Our Signs are extraordinary).
إِذۡ أَوَى ٱلۡفِتۡيَةُ إِلَى ٱلۡكَهۡفِ فَقَالُواْ رَبَّنَآ ءَاتِنَا مِن لَّدُنكَ رَحۡمَةٗ وَهَيِّئۡ لَنَا مِنۡ أَمۡرِنَا رَشَدٗا10 10
(Remember) when a few young men took refuge in the Cave and they said: “O our Creator! Bestow upon us your mercy and facilitate our mission in the right direction for us.”
فَضَرَبۡنَا عَلَىٰٓ ءَاذَانِهِمۡ فِي ٱلۡكَهۡفِ سِنِينَ عَدَدٗا11 11
Hence, We put a cover on their hearing (sense) (i.e. put them to deep sleep) in the Cave for several years.
ثُمَّ بَعَثۡنَٰهُمۡ لِنَعۡلَمَ أَيُّ ٱلۡحِزۡبَيۡنِ أَحۡصَىٰ لِمَا لَبِثُوٓاْ أَمَدٗا12 12
Then We woke them up from their sleep to test which of the two groups was best at calculating the time period of their stay there.
نَّحۡنُ نَقُصُّ عَلَيۡكَ نَبَأَهُم بِٱلۡحَقِّۚ إِنَّهُمۡ فِتۡيَةٌ ءَامَنُواْ بِرَبِّهِمۡ وَزِدۡنَٰهُمۡ هُدٗى13 13
We describe here to you [O Muhammad (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him)!] their story with truth. Indeed, they were young men who believed in their Creator and We increased their guidance.
وَرَبَطۡنَا عَلَىٰ قُلُوبِهِمۡ إِذۡ قَامُواْ فَقَالُواْ رَبُّنَا رَبُّ ٱلسَّمَٰوَٰتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ لَن نَّدۡعُوَاْ مِن دُونِهِۦٓ إِلَٰهٗاۖ لَّقَدۡ قُلۡنَآ إِذٗا شَطَطًا14 14
And We strengthened their hearts (to speak and practice the truth and to bear the separation from their relatives), when they stood up (i.e. took a stand against the king, or stood to make mutual consultation outside the town), so they said: “Our Creator is the Creator of the heavens and the earth. We shall not worship any other god besides Him. If we did, we would, indeed, be making a big mis-take.
هَٰٓؤُلَآءِ قَوۡمُنَا ٱتَّخَذُواْ مِن دُونِهِۦٓ ءَالِهَةٗۖ لَّوۡلَا يَأۡتُونَ عَلَيۡهِم بِسُلۡطَٰنِۢ بَيِّنٖۖ فَمَنۡ أَظۡلَمُ مِمَّنِ ٱفۡتَرَىٰ عَلَى ٱللَّهِ كَذِبٗا15 15
“The people of our community are worshipping other gods besides Him. Why don’t they bring for them a clear proof? So who will be more unjust than he who coins lies against Allah?”
وَإِذِ ٱعۡتَزَلۡتُمُوهُمۡ وَمَا يَعۡبُدُونَ إِلَّا ٱللَّهَ فَأۡوُۥٓاْ إِلَى ٱلۡكَهۡفِ يَنشُرۡ لَكُمۡ رَبُّكُم مِّن رَّحۡمَتِهِۦ وَيُهَيِّئۡ لَكُم مِّنۡ أَمۡرِكُم مِّرۡفَقٗا16 16
And (the young men said to each other): “Since you have disassociated yourselves from them and the gods they worship, except Allah, so it is better for you to take refuge in a Cave (to worship Allah peacefully). Allah will shower His Mercy on you and will make your mission easy for you.”
۞وَتَرَى ٱلشَّمۡسَ إِذَا طَلَعَت تَّزَٰوَرُ عَن كَهۡفِهِمۡ ذَاتَ ٱلۡيَمِينِ وَإِذَا غَرَبَت تَّقۡرِضُهُمۡ ذَاتَ ٱلشِّمَالِ وَهُمۡ فِي فَجۡوَةٖ مِّنۡهُۚ ذَٰلِكَ مِنۡ ءَايَٰتِ ٱللَّهِۗ مَن يَهۡدِ ٱللَّهُ فَهُوَ ٱلۡمُهۡتَدِۖ وَمَن يُضۡلِلۡ فَلَن تَجِدَ لَهُۥ وَلِيّٗا مُّرۡشِدٗا17 17
And (the location of this cave was such that) when the sun rose it moved away to the right from their Cave, and when it set, it turned away from them to the left, while they were in the wide open part of this Cave. That is one of the signs of Allah. He whom Allah guides, he is the truly guided person. And he whom Allah sends astray, you will not find any friend for him to guide him (to the Right Path).
وَتَحۡسَبُهُمۡ أَيۡقَاظٗا وَهُمۡ رُقُودٞۚ وَنُقَلِّبُهُمۡ ذَاتَ ٱلۡيَمِينِ وَذَاتَ ٱلشِّمَالِۖ وَكَلۡبُهُم بَٰسِطٞ ذِرَاعَيۡهِ بِٱلۡوَصِيدِۚ لَوِ ٱطَّلَعۡتَ عَلَيۡهِمۡ لَوَلَّيۡتَ مِنۡهُمۡ فِرَارٗا وَلَمُلِئۡتَ مِنۡهُمۡ رُعۡبٗا18 18
And (We had put them to a deep sleep in the Cave but if you had the chance to see them). You would consider them awake although they were asleep. And (during the sleep) We made them turn to their right side as well as to their left side (time to time), while their dog (which happened to come with them) was at the entrance of the Cave stretching forth his two legs. If you tried to peep in the Cave, you would run away from them, and would certainly be filled with awe from them.
وَكَذَٰلِكَ بَعَثۡنَٰهُمۡ لِيَتَسَآءَلُواْ بَيۡنَهُمۡۚ قَالَ قَآئِلٞ مِّنۡهُمۡ كَمۡ لَبِثۡتُمۡۖ قَالُواْ لَبِثۡنَا يَوۡمًا أَوۡ بَعۡضَ يَوۡمٖۚ قَالُواْ رَبُّكُمۡ أَعۡلَمُ بِمَا لَبِثۡتُمۡ فَٱبۡعَثُوٓاْ أَحَدَكُم بِوَرِقِكُمۡ هَٰذِهِۦٓ إِلَى ٱلۡمَدِينَةِ فَلۡيَنظُرۡ أَيُّهَآ أَزۡكَىٰ طَعَامٗا فَلۡيَأۡتِكُم بِرِزۡقٖ مِّنۡهُ وَلۡيَتَلَطَّفۡ وَلَا يُشۡعِرَنَّ بِكُمۡ أَحَدًا19 19
And (just like how We gave them a miraculously long sleep, similarly) We woke them up from their sleep to question each other (through this questioning Allah’s power and wisdom will become even more clear). One of them said: “How long was your stay here?” They responded: “A day or part of a day.” They added: “Your Creator knows best how long you have stayed (leave this discussion). So send one of you to the city with your currency to see which of the lawful meal is available so that he can bring some of that to you. And he should be careful and courteous lest any one of them know about you.
إِنَّهُمۡ إِن يَظۡهَرُواْ عَلَيۡكُمۡ يَرۡجُمُوكُمۡ أَوۡ يُعِيدُوكُمۡ فِي مِلَّتِهِمۡ وَلَن تُفۡلِحُوٓاْ إِذًا أَبَدٗا20 20
“Since if they come to know about you (or dominate you), they will stone you (to death) or turn you back to their religion, and in that case you will never be successful.”
وَكَذَٰلِكَ أَعۡثَرۡنَا عَلَيۡهِمۡ لِيَعۡلَمُوٓاْ أَنَّ وَعۡدَ ٱللَّهِ حَقّٞ وَأَنَّ ٱلسَّاعَةَ لَا رَيۡبَ فِيهَآ إِذۡ يَتَنَٰزَعُونَ بَيۡنَهُمۡ أَمۡرَهُمۡۖ فَقَالُواْ ٱبۡنُواْ عَلَيۡهِم بُنۡيَٰنٗاۖ رَّبُّهُمۡ أَعۡلَمُ بِهِمۡۚ قَالَ ٱلَّذِينَ غَلَبُواْ عَلَىٰٓ أَمۡرِهِمۡ لَنَتَّخِذَنَّ عَلَيۡهِم مَّسۡجِدٗا21 21
And (just like how We put them to a deep sleep and then woke them up with Our power) and thus We made (it) known to the people of the town about the people of the Cave (with Our power and wisdom). (One of the benefits of this event was that) they might know that Allah’s Promise is true and that there is no doubt about the Day of Resurrection. (Finally the people of the cave died there in the Cave). And (remember) when the people of their city disputed among them-selves about their matter, they said: “Construct a building over them. Their Crea-tor knows best about them.” Then those people who had dominating role, said: “We shall build a masjid over them.” (Masjid will remind others that the people of the Cave worshipped Allah. If another building is constructed, people may start worshiping that building in due course of time).
سَيَقُولُونَ ثَلَٰثَةٞ رَّابِعُهُمۡ كَلۡبُهُمۡ وَيَقُولُونَ خَمۡسَةٞ سَادِسُهُمۡ كَلۡبُهُمۡ رَجۡمَۢا بِٱلۡغَيۡبِۖ وَيَقُولُونَ سَبۡعَةٞ وَثَامِنُهُمۡ كَلۡبُهُمۡۚ قُل رَّبِّيٓ أَعۡلَمُ بِعِدَّتِهِم مَّا يَعۡلَمُهُمۡ إِلَّا قَلِيلٞۗ فَلَا تُمَارِ فِيهِمۡ إِلَّا مِرَآءٗ ظَٰهِرٗا وَلَا تَسۡتَفۡتِ فِيهِم مِّنۡهُمۡ أَحَدٗا22 22
Some say that they were three, and the fourth was their dog, and others say that they were five, the dog was the sixth, they are simply guessing about the unseen. And some others say that they were seven and the dog was the eighth. [O Muhammad (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him)!] Say: “My Creator knows best their number; none knows their number but a few.” Hence, don’t in-dulge in this debate except in a passing way and don’t ask any of them (i.e.the people of the Scripture) about them (i.e.the people of the cave).
وَلَا تَقُولَنَّ لِشَاْيۡءٍ إِنِّي فَاعِلٞ ذَٰلِكَ غَدًا23 23
And never say about anything: “I shall certainly do it tomorrow.”
إِلَّآ أَن يَشَآءَ ٱللَّهُۚ وَٱذۡكُر رَّبَّكَ إِذَا نَسِيتَ وَقُلۡ عَسَىٰٓ أَن يَهۡدِيَنِ رَبِّي لِأَقۡرَبَ مِنۡ هَٰذَا رَشَدٗا24 24
Except (by adding to it): “If Allah wills.” And remember your Creator when you forget, and say: “I am very hopeful that my Creator will lead me to a more guided way of truth (than that which I have chosen).”
وَلَبِثُواْ فِي كَهۡفِهِمۡ ثَلَٰثَ مِاْئَةٖ سِنِينَ وَٱزۡدَادُواْ تِسۡعٗا25 25
And (just like how people differ about the number of the people of the cave, similarly they differ in the period of their sleep. Here is the correct information). And they stayed in their Cave for three hundred (solar) years, adding nine (for lunar years) (Tafsir Qurtubi).
قُلِ ٱللَّهُ أَعۡلَمُ بِمَا لَبِثُواْۖ لَهُۥ غَيۡبُ ٱلسَّمَٰوَٰتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِۖ أَبۡصِرۡ بِهِۦ وَأَسۡمِعۡۚ مَا لَهُم مِّن دُونِهِۦ مِن وَلِيّٖ وَلَا يُشۡرِكُ فِي حُكۡمِهِۦٓ أَحَدٗا26 26
(If they differ about it even after this correct information) Say: “Allah knows best how long they stayed. Allah has (the knowledge of) the Unseen of the heavens and the earth. What a Great Seer and Hearer! They have no helper be-sides Him and He makes none to share His Authority.
وَٱتۡلُ مَآ أُوحِيَ إِلَيۡكَ مِن كِتَابِ رَبِّكَۖ لَا مُبَدِّلَ لِكَلِمَٰتِهِۦ وَلَن تَجِدَ مِن دُونِهِۦ مُلۡتَحَدٗا27 27
[O Muhammad (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him)!] And recite the Book of your Creator which is revealed to you. Nobody can change Allah’s Words, and you will not find any refuge besides Him.
وَٱصۡبِرۡ نَفۡسَكَ مَعَ ٱلَّذِينَ يَدۡعُونَ رَبَّهُم بِٱلۡغَدَوٰةِ وَٱلۡعَشِيِّ يُرِيدُونَ وَجۡهَهُۥۖ وَلَا تَعۡدُ عَيۡنَاكَ عَنۡهُمۡ تُرِيدُ زِينَةَ ٱلۡحَيَوٰةِ ٱلدُّنۡيَاۖ وَلَا تُطِعۡ مَنۡ أَغۡفَلۡنَا قَلۡبَهُۥ عَن ذِكۡرِنَا وَٱتَّبَعَ هَوَىٰهُ وَكَانَ أَمۡرُهُۥ فُرُطٗا28 28
[O Muhammad (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him)!] And pa-tiently keep the company of the people who call on their Creator morning and evening seeking His Pleasure. Your attention should not divert from them desir-ing shine and show of this life. And don’t obey one whose heart We have made negligent of Our remembrance, and who follows his own vain desires and his affairs are beyond limit.
وَقُلِ ٱلۡحَقُّ مِن رَّبِّكُمۡۖ فَمَن شَآءَ فَلۡيُؤۡمِن وَمَن شَآءَ فَلۡيَكۡفُرۡۚ إِنَّآ أَعۡتَدۡنَا لِلظَّٰلِمِينَ نَارًا أَحَاطَ بِهِمۡ سُرَادِقُهَاۚ وَإِن يَسۡتَغِيثُواْ يُغَاثُواْ بِمَآءٖ كَٱلۡمُهۡلِ يَشۡوِي ٱلۡوُجُوهَۚ بِئۡسَ ٱلشَّرَابُ وَسَآءَتۡ مُرۡتَفَقًا29 29
And announce: “This absolute truth (i.e. the Quran) is from your Creator.” Then whosoever wills, let him believe, and whosoever wills, let him disbelieve. In-deed, We have prepared for the wrong-doers the Fire whose walls will be sur-rounding them. And if they cry for water, they will be given water which looks like boiling oil and it will roast their faces. What a terrible drink and what an evil resting place!
إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَعَمِلُواْ ٱلصَّٰلِحَٰتِ إِنَّا لَا نُضِيعُ أَجۡرَ مَنۡ أَحۡسَنَ عَمَلًا30 30
Indeed, those who believed and did good deeds, We shall not waste the re-ward of any good doer.
أُوْلَٰٓئِكَ لَهُمۡ جَنَّٰتُ عَدۡنٖ تَجۡرِي مِن تَحۡتِهِمُ ٱلۡأَنۡهَٰرُ يُحَلَّوۡنَ فِيهَا مِنۡ أَسَاوِرَ مِن ذَهَبٖ وَيَلۡبَسُونَ ثِيَابًا خُضۡرٗا مِّن سُندُسٖ وَإِسۡتَبۡرَقٖ مُّتَّكِِٔينَ فِيهَا عَلَى ٱلۡأَرَآئِكِۚ نِعۡمَ ٱلثَّوَابُ وَحَسُنَتۡ مُرۡتَفَقٗا31 31
For them, there will be ever-lasting Gardens, beneath which the rivers flow, they will be decorated with bracelets of gold there and they will wear green gar-ments of fine and thick silk. They will be resting on the raised couches there. What a marvellous reward and what an excellent resting place.
۞وَٱضۡرِبۡ لَهُم مَّثَلٗا رَّجُلَيۡنِ جَعَلۡنَا لِأَحَدِهِمَا جَنَّتَيۡنِ مِنۡ أَعۡنَٰبٖ وَحَفَفۡنَٰهُمَا بِنَخۡلٖ وَجَعَلۡنَا بَيۡنَهُمَا زَرۡعٗا32 32
And (in order to explain how pointless this worldly life is and how lasting the Hereafter is) give them an example of two men (who were well known to each other). We gave one of them (a disbeliever) two gardens of grapes and both gardens were bordered by palm-trees, and between these gardens there were green crops too.
كِلۡتَا ٱلۡجَنَّتَيۡنِ ءَاتَتۡ أُكُلَهَا وَلَمۡ تَظۡلِم مِّنۡهُ شَيۡٔٗاۚ وَفَجَّرۡنَا خِلَٰلَهُمَا نَهَرٗا33 33
Each of those two gardens had its fruit and there was never shortage of fruit in either of them. And We made a river flow in the midst of them.
وَكَانَ لَهُۥ ثَمَرٞ فَقَالَ لِصَٰحِبِهِۦ وَهُوَ يُحَاوِرُهُۥٓ أَنَا۠ أَكۡثَرُ مِنكَ مَالٗا وَأَعَزُّ نَفَرٗا34 34
And he had (plenty of) fruits. So he said to his friend during an argument: “I am wealthier than you and I also command more respect in the society.”
وَدَخَلَ جَنَّتَهُۥ وَهُوَ ظَالِمٞ لِّنَفۡسِهِۦ قَالَ مَآ أَظُنُّ أَن تَبِيدَ هَٰذِهِۦٓ أَبَدٗا35 35
And he entered his garden (along with his friend), and he was unjust to himself. He said: “I don’t think that it will ever perish.
وَمَآ أَظُنُّ ٱلسَّاعَةَ قَآئِمَةٗ وَلَئِن رُّدِدتُّ إِلَىٰ رَبِّي لَأَجِدَنَّ خَيۡرٗا مِّنۡهَا مُنقَلَبٗا36 36
“And I don’t think that the Day of Judgement will occur. And if I am brought back to my Creator (as you believe) I shall definitely find the returning place even better than this.”
قَالَ لَهُۥ صَاحِبُهُۥ وَهُوَ يُحَاوِرُهُۥٓ أَكَفَرۡتَ بِٱلَّذِي خَلَقَكَ مِن تُرَابٖ ثُمَّ مِن نُّطۡفَةٖ ثُمَّ سَوَّىٰكَ رَجُلٗا37 37
His friend (a poor believer) said to him during the argument: “Do you disbe-lieve in Allah Who created you out of dust [through your father Adam ( ) ], then out of mixed semen drops of male and female discharge, then made you a complete man? (Inspite of this you disbelieve in Allah).
لَّٰكِنَّا۠ هُوَ ٱللَّهُ رَبِّي وَلَآ أُشۡرِكُ بِرَبِّيٓ أَحَدٗا38 38
“But I believe that Allah is my Creator and I don’t associate any partners in worship with my Creator.
وَلَوۡلَآ إِذۡ دَخَلۡتَ جَنَّتَكَ قُلۡتَ مَا شَآءَ ٱللَّهُ لَا قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِٱللَّهِۚ إِن تَرَنِ أَنَا۠ أَقَلَّ مِنكَ مَالٗا وَوَلَدٗا39 39
“And why did you not say when you enter your garden: ‘That which Allah wills (will occur) and there is no power except with Him?’ If you see me less than you in wealth and children,
فَعَسَىٰ رَبِّيٓ أَن يُؤۡتِيَنِ خَيۡرٗا مِّن جَنَّتِكَ وَيُرۡسِلَ عَلَيۡهَا حُسۡبَانٗا مِّنَ ٱلسَّمَآءِ فَتُصۡبِحَ صَعِيدٗا زَلَقًا40 40
“It may be that my Creator will give me something better than your garden (may be Here or in the Hereafter), and He may send a torment from the sky, then your garden will become a barren, slippery field.
أَوۡ يُصۡبِحَ مَآؤُهَا غَوۡرٗا فَلَن تَسۡتَطِيعَ لَهُۥ طَلَبٗا41 41
“Or totally dry up the water of your gardens (by sinking it into the ground), so you will not be able to even recover this (water).”
وَأُحِيطَ بِثَمَرِهِۦ فَأَصۡبَحَ يُقَلِّبُ كَفَّيۡهِ عَلَىٰ مَآ أَنفَقَ فِيهَا وَهِيَ خَاوِيَةٌ عَلَىٰ عُرُوشِهَا وَيَقُولُ يَٰلَيۡتَنِي لَمۡ أُشۡرِكۡ بِرَبِّيٓ أَحَدٗا42 42
(After this mutual conversation a torment struck his gardens). And (all) his fruits were encircled and he remained rubbing his hands (with sorrow) for what he had spent (on his gardens). And his garden was totally destroyed on its trellises (i.e. the wooden frames), and he could only say: “Would that I had not ascribed partners with my Creator.”
وَلَمۡ تَكُن لَّهُۥ فِئَةٞ يَنصُرُونَهُۥ مِن دُونِ ٱللَّهِ وَمَا كَانَ مُنتَصِرًا43 43
And he had no other group of people to help him against Allah nor was he able to take revenge from Us.
هُنَالِكَ ٱلۡوَلَٰيَةُ لِلَّهِ ٱلۡحَقِّۚ هُوَ خَيۡرٞ ثَوَابٗا وَخَيۡرٌ عُقۡبٗا44 44
This proves that (the total) authority belongs to Allah (Alone), the True God. He is the Best for reward and the Best for the final end.
وَٱضۡرِبۡ لَهُم مَّثَلَ ٱلۡحَيَوٰةِ ٱلدُّنۡيَا كَمَآءٍ أَنزَلۡنَٰهُ مِنَ ٱلسَّمَآءِ فَٱخۡتَلَطَ بِهِۦ نَبَاتُ ٱلۡأَرۡضِ فَأَصۡبَحَ هَشِيمٗا تَذۡرُوهُ ٱلرِّيَٰحُۗ وَكَانَ ٱللَّهُ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيۡءٖ مُّقۡتَدِرًا45 45
And explain to them about the worldly life by the following example: it is like the rain water which We send down from the sky and it gives rise to plenty of vegetation mingled with it (which is fresh and green) and then becomes dry and tiny pieces which the winds blow all over. (Exactly this is the situation of the worldly life. There is no sign of it left after temporary glitter and fun). And Allah is Able to do everything.
ٱلۡمَالُ وَٱلۡبَنُونَ زِينَةُ ٱلۡحَيَوٰةِ ٱلدُّنۡيَاۖ وَٱلۡبَٰقِيَٰتُ ٱلصَّٰلِحَٰتُ خَيۡرٌ عِندَ رَبِّكَ ثَوَابٗا وَخَيۡرٌ أَمَلٗا46 46
Wealth and children are adornment of the life of this world. And the good deeds are going to last forever and they are better for reward from your Creator and are better in respect of expectation (i.e. will be rewarded more than your expectation).
وَيَوۡمَ نُسَيِّرُ ٱلۡجِبَالَ وَتَرَى ٱلۡأَرۡضَ بَارِزَةٗ وَحَشَرۡنَٰهُمۡ فَلَمۡ نُغَادِرۡ مِنۡهُمۡ أَحَدٗا47 47
And (remember) the Day We shall cause the mountains to move (like clouds of dust) and you will see the earth as a levelled plain. And We shall gather them all together, so We shall not leave any one of them behind.
وَعُرِضُواْ عَلَىٰ رَبِّكَ صَفّٗا لَّقَدۡ جِئۡتُمُونَا كَمَا خَلَقۡنَٰكُمۡ أَوَّلَ مَرَّةِۢۚ بَلۡ زَعَمۡتُمۡ أَلَّن نَّجۡعَلَ لَكُم مَّوۡعِدٗا48 48
And all of them will be brought before your Creator in rows, (and Allah will say): “Indeed, you have come to Us (after resurrection) as We created you the first time. (But you did not believe in the resurrection even after observing your first birth). Rather you thought that We had appointed no meeting for you (with Us).
وَوُضِعَ ٱلۡكِتَٰبُ فَتَرَى ٱلۡمُجۡرِمِينَ مُشۡفِقِينَ مِمَّا فِيهِ وَيَقُولُونَ يَٰوَيۡلَتَنَا مَالِ هَٰذَا ٱلۡكِتَٰبِ لَا يُغَادِرُ صَغِيرَةٗ وَلَا كَبِيرَةً إِلَّآ أَحۡصَىٰهَاۚ وَوَجَدُواْ مَا عَمِلُواْ حَاضِرٗاۗ وَلَا يَظۡلِمُ رَبُّكَ أَحَدٗا49 49
And the Book (of record) will be placed and you will see that the criminals will be fearful due to what is written in it. And they will say: “Woe to us! What a strange Book it is! It has not omitted any small or major thing but has recorded in it. They will find all that they did, placed before them, and your Creator will not treat anybody unjustly.
وَإِذۡ قُلۡنَا لِلۡمَلَٰٓئِكَةِ ٱسۡجُدُواْ لِأٓدَمَ فَسَجَدُوٓاْ إِلَّآ إِبۡلِيسَ كَانَ مِنَ ٱلۡجِنِّ فَفَسَقَ عَنۡ أَمۡرِ رَبِّهِۦٓۗ أَفَتَتَّخِذُونَهُۥ وَذُرِّيَّتَهُۥٓ أَوۡلِيَآءَ مِن دُونِي وَهُمۡ لَكُمۡ عَدُوُّۢۚ بِئۡسَ لِلظَّٰلِمِينَ بَدَلٗا50 50
And (remember) when We said to the angels: “Prostrate yourselves to Adam ( ) .” So they all prostrated except Satan. He was one of the jinn, so he disobeyed the Command of his Creator. Will you then make Satan and his children as your protectors in place of Me while they are your enemies? What an evil alternative the wrong-doers followed! (Also Surah At-Tahrim:6)
۞مَّآ أَشۡهَدتُّهُمۡ خَلۡقَ ٱلسَّمَٰوَٰتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ وَلَا خَلۡقَ أَنفُسِهِمۡ وَمَا كُنتُ مُتَّخِذَ ٱلۡمُضِلِّينَ عَضُدٗا51 51
I (Allah) did not make them (Satan and his children) witnesses at the time of the creation of the heavens and the earth, nor at the time of their creation. And I was not (so weak) that I had to take help from those who lead others astray.
وَيَوۡمَ يَقُولُ نَادُواْ شُرَكَآءِيَ ٱلَّذِينَ زَعَمۡتُمۡ فَدَعَوۡهُمۡ فَلَمۡ يَسۡتَجِيبُواْ لَهُمۡ وَجَعَلۡنَا بَيۡنَهُم مَّوۡبِقٗا52 52
And (remember) the Day when Allah will say: “Call those whom you con-sidered Our partners.” They will try to call them but they will not answer them and We will put a barrier between them. (Hence, they will be totally disappointed since the barrier will prevent any possibility of help).
وَرَءَا ٱلۡمُجۡرِمُونَ ٱلنَّارَ فَظَنُّوٓاْ أَنَّهُم مُّوَاقِعُوهَا وَلَمۡ يَجِدُواْ عَنۡهَا مَصۡرِفٗا53 53
And the criminals will see the Hell and they (will be filled with fear) realiz-ing that they are about to fall into it. And they will find no escape from there.
وَلَقَدۡ صَرَّفۡنَا فِي هَٰذَا ٱلۡقُرۡءَانِ لِلنَّاسِ مِن كُلِّ مَثَلٖۚ وَكَانَ ٱلۡإِنسَٰنُ أَكۡثَرَ شَيۡءٖ جَدَلٗا54 54
Indeed, We have described every kind of example in this Quran for man-kind. But man is the most argumentative of all beings.
وَمَا مَنَعَ ٱلنَّاسَ أَن يُؤۡمِنُوٓاْ إِذۡ جَآءَهُمُ ٱلۡهُدَىٰ وَيَسۡتَغۡفِرُواْ رَبَّهُمۡ إِلَّآ أَن تَأۡتِيَهُمۡ سُنَّةُ ٱلۡأَوَّلِينَ أَوۡ يَأۡتِيَهُمُ ٱلۡعَذَابُ قُبُلٗا55 55
And nothing else stopped people from believing, when guidance (the Quran) has come to them, and from seeking Forgive-ness of Allah except that the ways of the ancients be repeated (i.e. destruction), or the torment be brought clearly in front of their faces.
وَمَا نُرۡسِلُ ٱلۡمُرۡسَلِينَ إِلَّا مُبَشِّرِينَ وَمُنذِرِينَۚ وَيُجَٰدِلُ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ بِٱلۡبَٰطِلِ لِيُدۡحِضُواْ بِهِ ٱلۡحَقَّۖ وَٱتَّخَذُوٓاْ ءَايَٰتِي وَمَآ أُنذِرُواْ هُزُوٗا56 56
And We send the messengers only to convey the glad tidings and the warnings. And the disbelievers dispute with false reasoning to refute the truth with it, and they mock at Our revelations and that with which they are warned.
وَمَنۡ أَظۡلَمُ مِمَّن ذُكِّرَ بَِٔايَٰتِ رَبِّهِۦ فَأَعۡرَضَ عَنۡهَا وَنَسِيَ مَا قَدَّمَتۡ يَدَاهُۚ إِنَّا جَعَلۡنَا عَلَىٰ قُلُوبِهِمۡ أَكِنَّةً أَن يَفۡقَهُوهُ وَفِيٓ ءَاذَانِهِمۡ وَقۡرٗاۖ وَإِن تَدۡعُهُمۡ إِلَى ٱلۡهُدَىٰ فَلَن يَهۡتَدُوٓاْ إِذًا أَبَدٗا57 57
And who can be more wrong than he who is reminded about the revelations of his Creator, but he turns away from them and forgets the (result) of the deeds his hands have sent forth. We have put a cover on their hearts so that they cannot understand this (the Quran) and deafness is in their ears (so they cannot hear the Quran). And even if you [O Muhammad (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him)!] keep inviting them to the guidance, they will never be guided.
وَرَبُّكَ ٱلۡغَفُورُ ذُو ٱلرَّحۡمَةِۖ لَوۡ يُؤَاخِذُهُم بِمَا كَسَبُواْ لَعَجَّلَ لَهُمُ ٱلۡعَذَابَۚ بَل لَّهُم مَّوۡعِدٞ لَّن يَجِدُواْ مِن دُونِهِۦ مَوۡئِلٗا58 58
And your Creator is Most Forgiving, Extremely Merciful. If He had siezed them for their (evil) deeds, He would have hastened their punishment. In fact, there is a fixed time for them, (and when that time arrives) they will not be able to find an escape from it.
وَتِلۡكَ ٱلۡقُرَىٰٓ أَهۡلَكۡنَٰهُمۡ لَمَّا ظَلَمُواْ وَجَعَلۡنَا لِمَهۡلِكِهِم مَّوۡعِدٗا59 59
And We destroyed these com-munities (e.g. A’d and Thamud etc), when they wronged, and We had fixed a time for their destruction. (Similarly the present disbelievers will be destroyed at an appointed time).
وَإِذۡ قَالَ مُوسَىٰ لِفَتَىٰهُ لَآ أَبۡرَحُ حَتَّىٰٓ أَبۡلُغَ مَجۡمَعَ ٱلۡبَحۡرَيۡنِ أَوۡ أَمۡضِيَ حُقُبٗا60 60
And (remember) when Musa ( ) said to his servant [Yushaa-bin-Noon () mentioned in Bukhari] I shall not give up my journey till I arrive at the junction of two rivers even if I have to travel for it year after year.
فَلَمَّا بَلَغَا مَجۡمَعَ بَيۡنِهِمَا نَسِيَا حُوتَهُمَا فَٱتَّخَذَ سَبِيلَهُۥ فِي ٱلۡبَحۡرِ سَرَبٗا61 61
When they arrived at the junction of the two rivers, they forgot their fish and the fish (became alive with the Permission of Allah) and made its way through the sea as in a tunnel.
فَلَمَّا جَاوَزَا قَالَ لِفَتَىٰهُ ءَاتِنَا غَدَآءَنَا لَقَدۡ لَقِينَا مِن سَفَرِنَا هَٰذَا نَصَبٗا62 62
So when they proceeded further (in their journey), Musa ( ) said to his servant: “Serve the breakfast. Indeed, we have experienced much fatigue in our journey.”
قَالَ أَرَءَيۡتَ إِذۡ أَوَيۡنَآ إِلَى ٱلصَّخۡرَةِ فَإِنِّي نَسِيتُ ٱلۡحُوتَ وَمَآ أَنسَىٰنِيهُ إِلَّا ٱلشَّيۡطَٰنُ أَنۡ أَذۡكُرَهُۥۚ وَٱتَّخَذَ سَبِيلَهُۥ فِي ٱلۡبَحۡرِ عَجَبٗا63 63
The servant said: “Did you see that also? When we took refuge near that rock, so I, indeed, forgot the fish. (In fact) Satan made me forget to mention to you. (That strange event was, the fish became alive) and made its way into the sea in a strange (way).”
قَالَ ذَٰلِكَ مَا كُنَّا نَبۡغِۚ فَٱرۡتَدَّا عَلَىٰٓ ءَاثَارِهِمَا قَصَصٗا64 64
Musa ( ) said: “That was the spot which we were look-ing for.” So they went back following their footsteps.
فَوَجَدَا عَبۡدٗا مِّنۡ عِبَادِنَآ ءَاتَيۡنَٰهُ رَحۡمَةٗ مِّنۡ عِندِنَا وَعَلَّمۡنَٰهُ مِن لَّدُنَّا عِلۡمٗا65 65
(After reaching there) they found one of Our slaves (Khidr) on whom We had bestowed Our Mercy and We had given him very special knowledge (i.e. knowledge of some unseen events).
قَالَ لَهُۥ مُوسَىٰ هَلۡ أَتَّبِعُكَ عَلَىٰٓ أَن تُعَلِّمَنِ مِمَّا عُلِّمۡتَ رُشۡدٗا66 66
Musa ( ) said to him (after greeting him): “May I fol-low you so that you teach me some of that beneficial knowledge which you have been taught (by Allah).”
قَالَ إِنَّكَ لَن تَسۡتَطِيعَ مَعِيَ صَبۡرٗا67 67
He [Khidr ( ) ] said: “Indeed, you will not be able to have patience with me.
وَكَيۡفَ تَصۡبِرُ عَلَىٰ مَا لَمۡ تُحِطۡ بِهِۦ خُبۡرٗا68 68
“And how can you have patience about something which you don’t know.”
قَالَ سَتَجِدُنِيٓ إِن شَآءَ ٱللَّهُ صَابِرٗا وَلَآ أَعۡصِي لَكَ أَمۡرٗا69 69
Musa ( ) said: “If Allah wills, you will find me quite patient, and I don’t intend to disobey you in anything.”
قَالَ فَإِنِ ٱتَّبَعۡتَنِي فَلَا تَسَۡٔلۡنِي عَن شَيۡءٍ حَتَّىٰٓ أُحۡدِثَ لَكَ مِنۡهُ ذِكۡرٗا70 70
He [Khidr ( ) ], said: “So if you are keen to follow me, (you are welcome) but make sure that you don’t ask me about anything till I myself mention it to you.”
فَٱنطَلَقَا حَتَّىٰٓ إِذَا رَكِبَا فِي ٱلسَّفِينَةِ خَرَقَهَاۖ قَالَ أَخَرَقۡتَهَا لِتُغۡرِقَ أَهۡلَهَا لَقَدۡ جِئۡتَ شَيًۡٔا إِمۡرٗا71 71
So they both proceeded till they embarked a boat. He [Khidr ( ) ] (deliberately) damaged the boat (by breaking its planks). [Musa ( ) ] remarked: “Have you damaged it to drown its people? Indeed, you have done a terrible thing.”
قَالَ أَلَمۡ أَقُلۡ إِنَّكَ لَن تَسۡتَطِيعَ مَعِيَ صَبۡرٗا72 72
He [Khidr ( ) ] said: “Did I not tell you that you would not be able to have patience with me?”
قَالَ لَا تُؤَاخِذۡنِي بِمَا نَسِيتُ وَلَا تُرۡهِقۡنِي مِنۡ أَمۡرِي عُسۡرٗا73 73
[Musa ( ) ] said: “Excuse me (this time) since I forgot, and don’t be hard in your dealing with me.”
فَٱنطَلَقَا حَتَّىٰٓ إِذَا لَقِيَا غُلَٰمٗا فَقَتَلَهُۥ قَالَ أَقَتَلۡتَ نَفۡسٗا زَكِيَّةَۢ بِغَيۡرِ نَفۡسٖ لَّقَدۡ جِئۡتَ شَيۡٔٗا نُّكۡرٗا74 74
Then they both proceeded, till they came across a (young) boy, and he [Khidr ( ) ] killed him. Musa ( ) said: “Have you killed an innocent child who has killed none? Indeed, you have com-mitted a prohibited thing.”
۞قَالَ أَلَمۡ أَقُل لَّكَ إِنَّكَ لَن تَسۡتَطِيعَ مَعِيَ صَبۡرٗا75 75
He [Khidr ( ) ] said: “Did I not tell you that you shall not be able to have patience with me?”
قَالَ إِن سَأَلۡتُكَ عَن شَيۡءِۢ بَعۡدَهَا فَلَا تُصَٰحِبۡنِيۖ قَدۡ بَلَغۡتَ مِن لَّدُنِّي عُذۡرٗا76 76
[Musa ( ) ] said: “Don’t keep me in your company if I ask you anything after this. This will, indeed, be my last excuse.”
فَٱنطَلَقَا حَتَّىٰٓ إِذَآ أَتَيَآ أَهۡلَ قَرۡيَةٍ ٱسۡتَطۡعَمَآ أَهۡلَهَا فَأَبَوۡاْ أَن يُضَيِّفُوهُمَا فَوَجَدَا فِيهَا جِدَارٗا يُرِيدُ أَن يَنقَضَّ فَأَقَامَهُۥۖ قَالَ لَوۡ شِئۡتَ لَتَّخَذۡتَ عَلَيۡهِ أَجۡرٗا77 77
So they both proceeded till they passed near a village. They requested meals from the villagers. The villagers refused to entertain them (as guests). Then they saw a wall (in the village) which was about to fall down. Khidr straightened up the wall. Musa ( ) said: “If you wished, you could have taken some wages for this job.”
قَالَ هَٰذَا فِرَاقُ بَيۡنِي وَبَيۡنِكَۚ سَأُنَبِّئُكَ بِتَأۡوِيلِ مَا لَمۡ تَسۡتَطِع عَّلَيۡهِ صَبۡرًا78 78
He [Khidr ( ) ] said: “This is the parting between me and you. Now I shall give you the interpreta-tion of those things regarding which you were unable to have patience.
أَمَّا ٱلسَّفِينَةُ فَكَانَتۡ لِمَسَٰكِينَ يَعۡمَلُونَ فِي ٱلۡبَحۡرِ فَأَرَدتُّ أَنۡ أَعِيبَهَا وَكَانَ وَرَآءَهُم مَّلِكٞ يَأۡخُذُ كُلَّ سَفِينَةٍ غَصۡبٗا79 79
“The boat belonged to a few poor people. They used to make their living working in the river. I intended to (partially) damage the boat since there was a king on the other side (of the river) who seizes every (good) boat by force. (If this boat was seized, the poor people will lose their means of livelihood).
وَأَمَّا ٱلۡغُلَٰمُ فَكَانَ أَبَوَاهُ مُؤۡمِنَيۡنِ فَخَشِينَآ أَن يُرۡهِقَهُمَا طُغۡيَٰنٗا وَكُفۡرٗا80 80
“And as for the boy, his parents were believers. (The boy was to grow up as a disbeliever). We feared lest the grown up boy may oppress his parents by his rebellion and disbelief.
فَأَرَدۡنَآ أَن يُبۡدِلَهُمَا رَبُّهُمَا خَيۡرٗا مِّنۡهُ زَكَوٰةٗ وَأَقۡرَبَ رُحۡمٗا81 81
“Hence, we intended (to get rid of this young boy) and their Creator should replace for them a better one who is pious and is more loving child.
وَأَمَّا ٱلۡجِدَارُ فَكَانَ لِغُلَٰمَيۡنِ يَتِيمَيۡنِ فِي ٱلۡمَدِينَةِ وَكَانَ تَحۡتَهُۥ كَنزٞ لَّهُمَا وَكَانَ أَبُوهُمَا صَٰلِحٗا فَأَرَادَ رَبُّكَ أَن يَبۡلُغَآ أَشُدَّهُمَا وَيَسۡتَخۡرِجَا كَنزَهُمَا رَحۡمَةٗ مِّن رَّبِّكَۚ وَمَا فَعَلۡتُهُۥ عَنۡ أَمۡرِيۚ ذَٰلِكَ تَأۡوِيلُ مَا لَمۡ تَسۡطِع عَّلَيۡهِ صَبۡرٗا82 82
“And as for the wall, there are two orphan boys in this village and there was a treasure for them buried under this wall, And their father (who had passed away) was a righteous person. Hence, your Creator intended that they should reach their age of maturity and then they would take out their treasure, as a Mercy from your Creator. And I did not act like this on my own accord. That is the interpretation of those things regarding which you could not keep patience.”
وَيَسَۡٔلُونَكَ عَن ذِي ٱلۡقَرۡنَيۡنِۖ قُلۡ سَأَتۡلُواْ عَلَيۡكُم مِّنۡهُ ذِكۡرًا83 83
And they ask you about Dhul-Qarnain. Say: “I shall relate to you his story.”
إِنَّا مَكَّنَّا لَهُۥ فِي ٱلۡأَرۡضِ وَءَاتَيۡنَٰهُ مِن كُلِّ شَيۡءٖ سَبَبٗا84 84
Indeed, We bestowed upon him power in the land and We gave him means of everything.
فَأَتۡبَعَ سَبَبًا85 85
So he followed a path (or he travelled, towards western countries to make conquests).
حَتَّىٰٓ إِذَا بَلَغَ مَغۡرِبَ ٱلشَّمۡسِ وَجَدَهَا تَغۡرُبُ فِي عَيۡنٍ حَمِئَةٖ وَوَجَدَ عِندَهَا قَوۡمٗاۖ قُلۡنَا يَٰذَا ٱلۡقَرۡنَيۡنِ إِمَّآ أَن تُعَذِّبَ وَإِمَّآ أَن تَتَّخِذَ فِيهِمۡ حُسۡنٗا86 86
Until, when he reached the setting time of the sun, he found it setting in a spring of black muddy water. He also found some people near the spring. We (Allah) said: “O Dhul-Qarnain! Either you punish them right away or treat them with kindness (i.e. first introduce them to Islam; if they still disbelieve then punish them).”
قَالَ أَمَّا مَن ظَلَمَ فَسَوۡفَ نُعَذِّبُهُۥ ثُمَّ يُرَدُّ إِلَىٰ رَبِّهِۦ فَيُعَذِّبُهُۥ عَذَابٗا نُّكۡرٗا87 87
He (Dhul-Qarnain) said: “(I shall follow the second option, which is the better option). Whoever shall disbelieve, I shall punish him (in this world) and then he will be brought back to his Creator Who will give him an awful punishment (in the Hereafter).
وَأَمَّا مَنۡ ءَامَنَ وَعَمِلَ صَٰلِحٗا فَلَهُۥ جَزَآءً ٱلۡحُسۡنَىٰۖ وَسَنَقُولُ لَهُۥ مِنۡ أَمۡرِنَا يُسۡرٗا88 88
“But as for him who believes and does good deeds, he shall be rewarded with goodness i.e. Paradise (in the Hereafter), and we (Dhul-Qarnain) will order good treatment for him in our dealing with him (in this world).”
ثُمَّ أَتۡبَعَ سَبَبًا89 89
And he travelled again (to-wards the eastern countries to make conquests).
حَتَّىٰٓ إِذَا بَلَغَ مَطۡلِعَ ٱلشَّمۡسِ وَجَدَهَا تَطۡلُعُ عَلَىٰ قَوۡمٖ لَّمۡ نَجۡعَل لَّهُم مِّن دُونِهَا سِتۡرٗا90 90
Until he reached the rising time of the sun and he noticed it rising on the people for whom We (Allah) had provided no shelter against the sun.
كَذَٰلِكَۖ وَقَدۡ أَحَطۡنَا بِمَا لَدَيۡهِ خُبۡرٗا91 91
This story is exactly like this. We (Allah) knew it, whatever Dhul-Qarnain had (in the form of equipment and capabilities).
حَتَّىٰٓ إِذَا بَلَغَ بَيۡنَ ٱلسَّدَّيۡنِ وَجَدَ مِن دُونِهِمَا قَوۡمٗا لَّا يَكَادُونَ يَفۡقَهُونَ قَوۡلٗا93 93
Until he reached a site which was situated between two moun-tains. He found a people near the mountains who did not seem to un-derstand any word.
قَالُواْ يَٰذَا ٱلۡقَرۡنَيۡنِ إِنَّ يَأۡجُوجَ وَمَأۡجُوجَ مُفۡسِدُونَ فِي ٱلۡأَرۡضِ فَهَلۡ نَجۡعَلُ لَكَ خَرۡجًا عَلَىٰٓ أَن تَجۡعَلَ بَيۡنَنَا وَبَيۡنَهُمۡ سَدّٗا94 94
They said: “O Dhul-Qarnain! Indeed, Yajuj and Majuj (Gog and Magog) are spreading mischief in the land. Should we collect some funds for you so that you erect a barrier between us and them?”
قَالَ مَا مَكَّنِّي فِيهِ رَبِّي خَيۡرٞ فَأَعِينُونِي بِقُوَّةٍ أَجۡعَلۡ بَيۡنَكُمۡ وَبَيۡنَهُمۡ رَدۡمًا95 95
(Dhul-Qarnain) said: “What my Creator has bestowed upon me (in the form of wealth, power etc) is far better (than your funding). However help me with manpower and I shall erect a barrier between you and them.
ءَاتُونِي زُبَرَ ٱلۡحَدِيدِۖ حَتَّىٰٓ إِذَا سَاوَىٰ بَيۡنَ ٱلصَّدَفَيۡنِ قَالَ ٱنفُخُواْۖ حَتَّىٰٓ إِذَا جَعَلَهُۥ نَارٗا قَالَ ءَاتُونِيٓ أُفۡرِغۡ عَلَيۡهِ قِطۡرٗا96 96
“Give me iron sheets.” When he had filled up the opening (or gap) between the two mountains, he ordered: “Blow.” When the iron sheet became (red hot) like fire, he said: “Bring me molten copper to pour over them.”
فَمَا ٱسۡطَٰعُوٓاْ أَن يَظۡهَرُوهُ وَمَا ٱسۡتَطَٰعُواْ لَهُۥ نَقۡبٗا97 97
Hence, Yajuj and Majuj could not climb over this wall nor were able to dig (a hole) through it.
قَالَ هَٰذَا رَحۡمَةٞ مِّن رَّبِّيۖ فَإِذَا جَآءَ وَعۡدُ رَبِّي جَعَلَهُۥ دَكَّآءَۖ وَكَانَ وَعۡدُ رَبِّي حَقّٗا98 98
(When Dhul-Qarnain saw this solid wall which was not an easy job to do) He said: “This is mercy from my Creator (who enabled me to accomplish this job and it is mercy for the people since they will be saved from the mischief of Yajuj and Majuj). So when the Promise of my Creator will come, He shall destroy it. And the Promise of my Creator is always true.”
۞وَتَرَكۡنَا بَعۡضَهُمۡ يَوۡمَئِذٖ يَمُوجُ فِي بَعۡضٖۖ وَنُفِخَ فِي ٱلصُّورِ فَجَمَعۡنَٰهُمۡ جَمۡعٗا99 99
And (when this wall will be destroyed) on that Day we will let loose Yajuj and Majuj in very large numbers falling one over the other. And the (second) Trumpet will be blown (everything will become alive) and We will gather (all the creatures) together.
وَعَرَضۡنَا جَهَنَّمَ يَوۡمَئِذٖ لِّلۡكَٰفِرِينَ عَرۡضًا100 100
And on that Day We shall bring Hell in the direct view of the disbelievers.
ٱلَّذِينَ كَانَتۡ أَعۡيُنُهُمۡ فِي غِطَآءٍ عَن ذِكۡرِي وَكَانُواْ لَا يَسۡتَطِيعُونَ سَمۡعًا101 101
Those who had a cover on their eyes regarding My remembrance and they could not bear to hear (the truth or the Quran).
أَفَحَسِبَ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوٓاْ أَن يَتَّخِذُواْ عِبَادِي مِن دُونِيٓ أَوۡلِيَآءَۚ إِنَّآ أَعۡتَدۡنَا جَهَنَّمَ لِلۡكَٰفِرِينَ نُزُلٗا102 102
Do the disbelievers think that they can take My slaves as their protectors besides Me? Indeed, We have prepared Hell-Fire as an initial welcome for the disbelievers.
قُلۡ هَلۡ نُنَبِّئُكُم بِٱلۡأَخۡسَرِينَ أَعۡمَٰلًا103 103
[O Muhammad (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him)! Say: “Shall we tell you the greatest loser regarding their deeds?
ٱلَّذِينَ ضَلَّ سَعۡيُهُمۡ فِي ٱلۡحَيَوٰةِ ٱلدُّنۡيَا وَهُمۡ يَحۡسَبُونَ أَنَّهُمۡ يُحۡسِنُونَ صُنۡعًا104 104
“Those whose efforts in the worldly life have been wasted while they were under the impression that they were performing good deeds.
أُوْلَٰٓئِكَ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ بَِٔايَٰتِ رَبِّهِمۡ وَلِقَآئِهِۦ فَحَبِطَتۡ أَعۡمَٰلُهُمۡ فَلَا نُقِيمُ لَهُمۡ يَوۡمَ ٱلۡقِيَٰمَةِ وَزۡنٗا105 105
“They denied the revelations of their Creator and the meeting with Him (in the Hereafter). Hence, all their deeds became null and void. So We shall assign no weight for their deeds on the Day of Resurrection.
ذَٰلِكَ جَزَآؤُهُمۡ جَهَنَّمُ بِمَا كَفَرُواْ وَٱتَّخَذُوٓاْ ءَايَٰتِي وَرُسُلِي هُزُوًا106 106
“Their reward will be Hell since they disbelieved and mocked at My revelations and My messengers.
إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَعَمِلُواْ ٱلصَّٰلِحَٰتِ كَانَتۡ لَهُمۡ جَنَّٰتُ ٱلۡفِرۡدَوۡسِ نُزُلًا107 107
“Indeed, those who believe and do good deeds, they shall have Gardens of Paradise as an initial hospitality for them.
خَٰلِدِينَ فِيهَا لَا يَبۡغُونَ عَنۡهَا حِوَلٗا108 108
“They will reside there forever. And they will have no desire to leave that place.”
قُل لَّوۡ كَانَ ٱلۡبَحۡرُ مِدَادٗا لِّكَلِمَٰتِ رَبِّي لَنَفِدَ ٱلۡبَحۡرُ قَبۡلَ أَن تَنفَدَ كَلِمَٰتُ رَبِّي وَلَوۡ جِئۡنَا بِمِثۡلِهِۦ مَدَدٗا109 109
[O Muhammad (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him)!] Say: “If the sea were ink for (writing) the Words of my Creator, the sea will be used up before the Words of my Creator are finished, even if We bring a similar (sea) to help out.”
قُلۡ إِنَّمَآ أَنَا۠ بَشَرٞ مِّثۡلُكُمۡ يُوحَىٰٓ إِلَيَّ أَنَّمَآ إِلَٰهُكُمۡ إِلَٰهٞ وَٰحِدٞۖ فَمَن كَانَ يَرۡجُواْ لِقَآءَ رَبِّهِۦ فَلۡيَعۡمَلۡ عَمَلٗا صَٰلِحٗا وَلَا يُشۡرِكۡ بِعِبَادَةِ رَبِّهِۦٓ أَحَدَۢا110 110
[O Muhammad (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him)!] Say: “I am, indeed, a man like you. (However) it has been revealed to me that your God is one God (i.e. Allah). So whoever hopes to Meet his Creator, he should perform good deeds and don’t make anybody partner in worship with his Creator.”