About the Surah
Surah Title : عبس
English Title : Abasa
Order in Al-Mushaf : 80
Number of Verses : 42
Type : makkah
Page Number in Al-Mushaf : From Page 585 To Page 585
بِسۡمِ ٱللَّهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ
In the name of Allah, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful.
عَبَسَ وَتَوَلَّىٰٓ1 1
[Prophet Muhammad (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him)] frowned and turned away (his face).
أَن جَآءَهُ ٱلۡأَعۡمَىٰ2 2
Simply because a blind man (Ibn Umm Maktum) came [to the Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him), while he was preaching to the chiefs of Quraish].
وَمَا يُدۡرِيكَ لَعَلَّهُۥ يَزَّكَّىٰٓ3 3
And you have no idea whether he would have become more pure (through interaction with you).
أَوۡ يَذَّكَّرُ فَتَنفَعَهُ ٱلذِّكۡرَىٰٓ4 4
Or he might have received some advice which would have benefited him.
وَمَا عَلَيۡكَ أَلَّا يَزَّكَّىٰ7 7
Although there is no blame on you even if he does not purify himself (from sins).
وَأَمَّا مَن جَآءَكَ يَسۡعَىٰ8 8
And he who came to you running (with love for religious knowledge).
كَلَّآ إِنَّهَا تَذۡكِرَةٞ11 11
It is not good (on your part). Indeed, it (the Quran) is full of (pieces of) ad-vice.
فِي صُحُفٖ مُّكَرَّمَةٖ13 13
It is (preserved) in Records held in (great) honour (i.e. Al-Lawh Al-Mahfuz).
مِنۡ أَيِّ شَيۡءٍ خَلَقَهُۥ18 18
(Does he not notice) from what (worthless) thing He has created him?
مِن نُّطۡفَةٍ خَلَقَهُۥ فَقَدَّرَهُۥ19 19
(Answer to that is) From male and female semen drops. (He) created him (in stages) and then made him in due proportion.
ثُمَّ ٱلسَّبِيلَ يَسَّرَهُۥ20 20
Then He made the paths of good and evil clear to him. Or, then Allah made the path (for his exit from his mother’s womb) easy.
ثُمَّ أَمَاتَهُۥ فَأَقۡبَرَهُۥ21 21
Then He causes him death, then puts him in the grave (to give him respect, otherwise animals and birds would eat up his body).
كَلَّا لَمَّا يَقۡضِ مَآ أَمَرَهُۥ23 23
Not at all (i.e. the matter is not as the disbeliever think). Man has not obeyed the Commands of Allah till now.
فَلۡيَنظُرِ ٱلۡإِنسَٰنُ إِلَىٰ طَعَامِهِۦٓ24 24
So man should look at his meals (i.e. how Allah created the meals which is a must for his survival and how he created means of livelihood with it).
أَنَّا صَبَبۡنَا ٱلۡمَآءَ صَبّٗا25 25
We sent down plenty of rain water (in an extraordinary way).
فَإِذَا جَآءَتِ ٱلصَّآخَّةُ33 33
Then when (the second Trumpet will be blown) with shrill and piercing sound. The Day of Resurrection will come.
لِكُلِّ ٱمۡرِيٕٖ مِّنۡهُمۡ يَوۡمَئِذٖ شَأۡنٞ يُغۡنِيهِ37 37
On that Day everyone will be so worried about himself, that it will be enough to totally occupy him (and he will completely ignore his relatives etc).