About the Surah
Surah Title : النمل
English Title : An-Naml
Order in Al-Mushaf : 27
Number of Verses : 93
Type : makkah
Page Number in Al-Mushaf : From Page 377 To Page 385
بِسۡمِ ٱللَّهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ
In the name of Allah, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful.
طسٓۚ تِلۡكَ ءَايَٰتُ ٱلۡقُرۡءَانِ وَكِتَابٖ مُّبِينٍ1 1
Taa-Seen (Allah Alone knows their meanings).These are the Verse of the Quran and (it is) a Book that makes things clear.
هُدٗى وَبُشۡرَىٰ لِلۡمُؤۡمِنِينَ2 2
(It is) a guidance (to the Right Path) and glad tidings for the believers.
ٱلَّذِينَ يُقِيمُونَ ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ وَيُؤۡتُونَ ٱلزَّكَوٰةَ وَهُم بِٱلۡأٓخِرَةِ هُمۡ يُوقِنُونَ3 3
Those who perform Salat and pay the poor-due and they firmly believe in the Hereafter.
إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ لَا يُؤۡمِنُونَ بِٱلۡأٓخِرَةِ زَيَّنَّا لَهُمۡ أَعۡمَٰلَهُمۡ فَهُمۡ يَعۡمَهُونَ4 4
Indeed, those who don’t be-lieve in the Hereafter, We have made their deeds attractive (and tempting) to them, so they wander about blindly.
أُوْلَٰٓئِكَ ٱلَّذِينَ لَهُمۡ سُوٓءُ ٱلۡعَذَابِ وَهُمۡ فِي ٱلۡأٓخِرَةِ هُمُ ٱلۡأَخۡسَرُونَ5 5
They will have an evil torment (in this world), and they will be (big) losers in the Hereafter.
وَإِنَّكَ لَتُلَقَّى ٱلۡقُرۡءَانَ مِن لَّدُنۡ حَكِيمٍ عَلِيمٍ6 6
And [O Muhammad (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him)!] you are being taught the Quran from the All-Wise, All-Knowing.
إِذۡ قَالَ مُوسَىٰ لِأَهۡلِهِۦٓ إِنِّيٓ ءَانَسۡتُ نَارٗا سََٔاتِيكُم مِّنۡهَا بِخَبَرٍ أَوۡ ءَاتِيكُم بِشِهَابٖ قَبَسٖ لَّعَلَّكُمۡ تَصۡطَلُونَ7 7
(Remember) when Musa ( ) said to his family: “Indeed, I have seen a fire (which was actually a light), I will bring you some information from there, or I will bring you a burning brand, so that you may warm yourselves.”
فَلَمَّا جَآءَهَا نُودِيَ أَنۢ بُورِكَ مَن فِي ٱلنَّارِ وَمَنۡ حَوۡلَهَا وَسُبۡحَٰنَ ٱللَّهِ رَبِّ ٱلۡعَٰلَمِينَ8 8
So when he reached near (that fire or light), he heard a voice (from Allah): “Blessed is whoever is inside this light (i.e. Allah) and whoever is around the light (i.e. Musa ( ) ]. (These are like greetings at the visitation). And Glorified is Allah, the Creator of the universe.
يَٰمُوسَىٰٓ إِنَّهُۥٓ أَنَا ٱللَّهُ ٱلۡعَزِيزُ ٱلۡحَكِيمُ9 9
“O Musa ( ) ! Indeed, it is I, Allah, the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.
وَأَلۡقِ عَصَاكَۚ فَلَمَّا رَءَاهَا تَهۡتَزُّ كَأَنَّهَا جَآنّٞ وَلَّىٰ مُدۡبِرٗا وَلَمۡ يُعَقِّبۡۚ يَٰمُوسَىٰ لَا تَخَفۡ إِنِّي لَا يَخَافُ لَدَيَّ ٱلۡمُرۡسَلُونَ10 10
“And throw down your stick!” So when he saw it moving around as if it were a snake, he ran away towards his back and did not look back.(It was said): “Don’t fear (since We have granted you Prophethood). Indeed, Prophets don’t fear (from things which are the proof of their Prophethood) in front of Me.
إِلَّا مَن ظَلَمَ ثُمَّ بَدَّلَ حُسۡنَۢا بَعۡدَ سُوٓءٖ فَإِنِّي غَفُورٞ رَّحِيمٞ11 11
“Except the one who has done wrong and then changed his evil activity to good deeds, then surely I am Very-Forgiving, Most-Merciful.
وَأَدۡخِلۡ يَدَكَ فِي جَيۡبِكَ تَخۡرُجۡ بَيۡضَآءَ مِنۡ غَيۡرِ سُوٓءٖۖ فِي تِسۡعِ ءَايَٰتٍ إِلَىٰ فِرۡعَوۡنَ وَقَوۡمِهِۦٓۚ إِنَّهُمۡ كَانُواْ قَوۡمٗا فَٰسِقِينَ12 12
“And put your hand into your bosom (opening of the shirt near the neck), it will come out white shining without any (physical) defect. So go to Firaun and his people with nine miracles. Indeed, they are people who are disobedient to Allah.
فَلَمَّا جَآءَتۡهُمۡ ءَايَٰتُنَا مُبۡصِرَةٗ قَالُواْ هَٰذَا سِحۡرٞ مُّبِينٞ13 13
So when Our absolutely clear miracles reached them, they said: “This is an obvious magic.”
وَجَحَدُواْ بِهَا وَٱسۡتَيۡقَنَتۡهَآ أَنفُسُهُمۡ ظُلۡمٗا وَعُلُوّٗاۚ فَٱنظُرۡ كَيۡفَ كَانَ عَٰقِبَةُ ٱلۡمُفۡسِدِينَ14 14
And they denied these miracles unjustly and arrogantly although their hearts were convinced about them. Hence, see what the (evil) end of the disbelievers was.
وَلَقَدۡ ءَاتَيۡنَا دَاوُۥدَ وَسُلَيۡمَٰنَ عِلۡمٗاۖ وَقَالَا ٱلۡحَمۡدُ لِلَّهِ ٱلَّذِي فَضَّلَنَا عَلَىٰ كَثِيرٖ مِّنۡ عِبَادِهِ ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنِينَ15 15
And, indeed, We gave know-ledge to Dawud ( ) and Sulaiman ( ) and they both said: “All praise and thanks are due to Allah, Who has honoured us above many of His believing slaves!”
وَوَرِثَ سُلَيۡمَٰنُ دَاوُۥدَۖ وَقَالَ يَٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلنَّاسُ عُلِّمۡنَا مَنطِقَ ٱلطَّيۡرِ وَأُوتِينَا مِن كُلِّ شَيۡءٍۖ إِنَّ هَٰذَا لَهُوَ ٱلۡفَضۡلُ ٱلۡمُبِينُ16 16
And Sulaiman ( ) inherited (the knowledge of) Dawud ( ) . And Sulaiman ( ) said (to thank Allah): “O mankind! We have been taught the language of birds and We have been given all necessary things (i.e. army, equipment, wealth etc to run a dynasty). This is indeed, an obvious grace (from Allah).”
وَحُشِرَ لِسُلَيۡمَٰنَ جُنُودُهُۥ مِنَ ٱلۡجِنِّ وَٱلۡإِنسِ وَٱلطَّيۡرِ فَهُمۡ يُوزَعُونَ17 17
And the armies of jinn and men, and birds were gathered before Sulaiman ( ) , each kind was put in its respective group (i.e. Regimentation of troops was done. It is a unique distinction of Sulaiman ( ) that he ruled not only over men but also over jinn and birds etc).
حَتَّىٰٓ إِذَآ أَتَوۡاْ عَلَىٰ وَادِ ٱلنَّمۡلِ قَالَتۡ نَمۡلَةٞ يَٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلنَّمۡلُ ٱدۡخُلُواْ مَسَٰكِنَكُمۡ لَا يَحۡطِمَنَّكُمۡ سُلَيۡمَٰنُ وَجُنُودُهُۥ وَهُمۡ لَا يَشۡعُرُونَ18 18
Till when they came to the valley of the ants, one of the ants said: “O ants! Enter your dwellings, lest Sulaiman ( ) and his army crush you, unknowingly.
فَتَبَسَّمَ ضَاحِكٗا مِّن قَوۡلِهَا وَقَالَ رَبِّ أَوۡزِعۡنِيٓ أَنۡ أَشۡكُرَ نِعۡمَتَكَ ٱلَّتِيٓ أَنۡعَمۡتَ عَلَيَّ وَعَلَىٰ وَٰلِدَيَّ وَأَنۡ أَعۡمَلَ صَٰلِحٗا تَرۡضَىٰهُ وَأَدۡخِلۡنِي بِرَحۡمَتِكَ فِي عِبَادِكَ ٱلصَّٰلِحِينَ19 19
So Sulaiman ( ) smiled, then burst into laughter on listening to the ant. [Sulaiman ( ) recalled all the favours of Allah bestowed upon him] and he prayed: “O my Creator! Enable me to be grateful to You for Your favours which You have bestowed upon me and on my parents, and that I may do good deeds which will please You and count me, by Your Mercy, among Your righteous slaves.”
وَتَفَقَّدَ ٱلطَّيۡرَ فَقَالَ مَا لِيَ لَآ أَرَى ٱلۡهُدۡهُدَ أَمۡ كَانَ مِنَ ٱلۡغَآئِبِينَ20 20
(One time the following inci-dent took place). Sulaiman ( ) reviewed (his army of) the birds and said,” What is the matter that I don’t see the hoopoe? Or has he disappeared (without my permission)?
لَأُعَذِّبَنَّهُۥ عَذَابٗا شَدِيدًا أَوۡ لَأَاْذۡبَحَنَّهُۥٓ أَوۡ لَيَأۡتِيَنِّي بِسُلۡطَٰنٖ مُّبِينٖ21 21
“I will surely punish him severely, or rather slaughter him, unless he brings me a clear proof.”
فَمَكَثَ غَيۡرَ بَعِيدٖ فَقَالَ أَحَطتُ بِمَا لَمۡ تُحِطۡ بِهِۦ وَجِئۡتُكَ مِن سَبَإِۢ بِنَبَإٖ يَقِينٍ22 22
So hoopoe came after a short while and said: “I have come to you with news which you are not aware of, and I have brought to you true news of Saba (the queen).
إِنِّي وَجَدتُّ ٱمۡرَأَةٗ تَمۡلِكُهُمۡ وَأُوتِيَتۡ مِن كُلِّ شَيۡءٖ وَلَهَا عَرۡشٌ عَظِيمٞ23 23
“Indeed, I observed that a woman rules over them, she has been given all kinds of things (needed by any ruler on the earth), and she also has a great throne.
وَجَدتُّهَا وَقَوۡمَهَا يَسۡجُدُونَ لِلشَّمۡسِ مِن دُونِ ٱللَّهِ وَزَيَّنَ لَهُمُ ٱلشَّيۡطَٰنُ أَعۡمَٰلَهُمۡ فَصَدَّهُمۡ عَنِ ٱلسَّبِيلِ فَهُمۡ لَا يَهۡتَدُونَ24 24
“Indeed, I observed that a woman rules over them, she has been given all kinds of things (needed by any ruler on the earth), and she also has a great throne.
أَلَّاۤ يَسۡجُدُواْۤ لِلَّهِ ٱلَّذِي يُخۡرِجُ ٱلۡخَبۡءَ فِي ٱلسَّمَٰوَٰتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ وَيَعۡلَمُ مَا تُخۡفُونَ وَمَا تُعۡلِنُونَ25 25
So they do not worship Allah Who brings out the hidden things (including rain and vegetation) from the heavens and the earth and He knows what you conceal and what you reveal.
ٱللَّهُ لَآ إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ رَبُّ ٱلۡعَرۡشِ ٱلۡعَظِيمِ۩26 26
Allah, none has the right to be worshipped but Him, the Creator of the Supreme Throne!
۞قَالَ سَنَنظُرُ أَصَدَقۡتَ أَمۡ كُنتَ مِنَ ٱلۡكَٰذِبِينَ27 27
Sulaiman ( ) said: “We shall soon find out whether you speak the truth or you are one of the liars.
ٱذۡهَب بِّكِتَٰبِي هَٰذَا فَأَلۡقِهۡ إِلَيۡهِمۡ ثُمَّ تَوَلَّ عَنۡهُمۡ فَٱنظُرۡ مَاذَا يَرۡجِعُونَ28 28
“You better go there with my letter and after delivering it to them, withdraw yourself from them and observe what (answer) they give.”
قَالَتۡ يَٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلۡمَلَؤُاْ إِنِّيٓ أُلۡقِيَ إِلَيَّ كِتَٰبٞ كَرِيمٌ29 29
(Saba received the letter and she gathered her advisors) Saba (said to them): “O my advisors! An esteemed letter has been delivered to me.
إِنَّهُۥ مِن سُلَيۡمَٰنَ وَإِنَّهُۥ بِسۡمِ ٱللَّهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ30 30
(Stating) “Indeed, it is from Sulaiman ( ) and, indeed, it (starts): ‘In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
أَلَّا تَعۡلُواْ عَلَيَّ وَأۡتُونِي مُسۡلِمِينَ31 31
“That do not be arrogant to me and come to me as Muslims.’” (This letter is very eloquent and is one of the miracles of the Quran).
قَالَتۡ يَٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلۡمَلَؤُاْ أَفۡتُونِي فِيٓ أَمۡرِي مَا كُنتُ قَاطِعَةً أَمۡرًا حَتَّىٰ تَشۡهَدُونِ32 32
Saba said: “O my advisors! Advise me in this matter. I don’t take any decision in any matter till you are present with me (and have expressed your opinion).”
قَالُواْ نَحۡنُ أُوْلُواْ قُوَّةٖ وَأُوْلُواْ بَأۡسٖ شَدِيدٖ وَٱلۡأَمۡرُ إِلَيۡكِ فَٱنظُرِي مَاذَا تَأۡمُرِينَ33 33
They said: “We are mighty and very tough in war, but it is up to you to decide, hence think over what you would like to order.”
قَالَتۡ إِنَّ ٱلۡمُلُوكَ إِذَا دَخَلُواْ قَرۡيَةً أَفۡسَدُوهَا وَجَعَلُوٓاْ أَعِزَّةَ أَهۡلِهَآ أَذِلَّةٗۚ وَكَذَٰلِكَ يَفۡعَلُونَ34 34
Saba said: “Indeed, whenever the kings enter a community (as enemies), they totally destroy it and disgrace the honourable people of that community and thus they (always) do.
وَإِنِّي مُرۡسِلَةٌ إِلَيۡهِم بِهَدِيَّةٖ فَنَاظِرَةُۢ بِمَ يَرۡجِعُ ٱلۡمُرۡسَلُونَ35 35
“And, indeed, I am going to send him a gift and then see with what the messengers return.”
فَلَمَّا جَآءَ سُلَيۡمَٰنَ قَالَ أَتُمِدُّونَنِ بِمَالٖ فَمَآ ءَاتَىٰنِۦَ ٱللَّهُ خَيۡرٞ مِّمَّآ ءَاتَىٰكُمۚ بَلۡ أَنتُم بِهَدِيَّتِكُمۡ تَفۡرَحُونَ36 36
So when they (the messengers) came to Sulaiman ( ) , he said: “Do you want to help me with your wealth? What Allah has granted me is far superior to what you have been given. (We will not accept this gift) Rather you rejoice with your gift!
ٱرۡجِعۡ إِلَيۡهِمۡ فَلَنَأۡتِيَنَّهُم بِجُنُودٖ لَّا قِبَلَ لَهُم بِهَا وَلَنُخۡرِجَنَّهُم مِّنۡهَآ أَذِلَّةٗ وَهُمۡ صَٰغِرُونَ37 37
“Go back to them. So we shall come to them with an army which they cannot face, and we shall expel them from there with disgrace and they will be demeaned (and become our subjects).”
قَالَ يَٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلۡمَلَؤُاْ أَيُّكُمۡ يَأۡتِينِي بِعَرۡشِهَا قَبۡلَ أَن يَأۡتُونِي مُسۡلِمِينَ38 38
Sulaiman ( ) said: “O chiefs! Who can bring me her throne before they come to me with obedience?”
قَالَ عِفۡرِيتٞ مِّنَ ٱلۡجِنِّ أَنَا۠ ءَاتِيكَ بِهِۦ قَبۡلَ أَن تَقُومَ مِن مَّقَامِكَۖ وَإِنِّي عَلَيۡهِ لَقَوِيٌّ أَمِينٞ39 39
A strong one from the jinn said: “I will bring it to you, before you rise from your place. And I am, indeed, strong and trustworthy for such work.”
قَالَ ٱلَّذِي عِندَهُۥ عِلۡمٞ مِّنَ ٱلۡكِتَٰبِ أَنَا۠ ءَاتِيكَ بِهِۦ قَبۡلَ أَن يَرۡتَدَّ إِلَيۡكَ طَرۡفُكَۚ فَلَمَّا رَءَاهُ مُسۡتَقِرًّا عِندَهُۥ قَالَ هَٰذَا مِن فَضۡلِ رَبِّي لِيَبۡلُوَنِيٓ ءَأَشۡكُرُ أَمۡ أَكۡفُرُۖ وَمَن شَكَرَ فَإِنَّمَا يَشۡكُرُ لِنَفۡسِهِۦۖ وَمَن كَفَرَ فَإِنَّ رَبِّي غَنِيّٞ كَرِيمٞ40 40
One who had knowledge of the Scripture said: “I will bring it to you within the twinkling of an eye!” When Sulaiman ( ) saw the throne placed before him, he said: “This is by the Grace of my Creator to test me whether I am grateful to Him or not. And whoever is grateful, it is for his good, and whoever is ungrateful (it is for his own loss). So indeed, my Creator is All-Rich (Free of all needs), Bountiful.”
قَالَ نَكِّرُواْ لَهَا عَرۡشَهَا نَنظُرۡ أَتَهۡتَدِيٓ أَمۡ تَكُونُ مِنَ ٱلَّذِينَ لَا يَهۡتَدُونَ41 41
Sulaiman ( ) said: “Change (slightly) the appearance of this throne so that we may see whether she recognizes her throne or not.”
فَلَمَّا جَآءَتۡ قِيلَ أَهَٰكَذَا عَرۡشُكِۖ قَالَتۡ كَأَنَّهُۥ هُوَۚ وَأُوتِينَا ٱلۡعِلۡمَ مِن قَبۡلِهَا وَكُنَّا مُسۡلِمِينَ42 42
So when she came, it was said (to her): “Does your throne look like this?” She said: “It looks as if it is the same throne.” (Sulaiman ( ) said:) “We were already given this knowledge before she came that she will surrender to us in obedience” – Tafseer Ibn-Kathir.
وَصَدَّهَا مَا كَانَت تَّعۡبُدُ مِن دُونِ ٱللَّهِۖ إِنَّهَا كَانَتۡ مِن قَوۡمٖ كَٰفِرِينَ43 43
And the habit of worshipping others besides Allah had prevented her to be a believer, (she had this habit) since she lived among the disbelieving people.
قِيلَ لَهَا ٱدۡخُلِي ٱلصَّرۡحَۖ فَلَمَّا رَأَتۡهُ حَسِبَتۡهُ لُجَّةٗ وَكَشَفَتۡ عَن سَاقَيۡهَاۚ قَالَ إِنَّهُۥ صَرۡحٞ مُّمَرَّدٞ مِّن قَوَارِيرَۗ قَالَتۡ رَبِّ إِنِّي ظَلَمۡتُ نَفۡسِي وَأَسۡلَمۡتُ مَعَ سُلَيۡمَٰنَ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ ٱلۡعَٰلَمِينَ44 44
(Here is a proof of Sulaiman’s ( ) superiority over Saba as far as this worldly life is concerned). It was said to Saba: “Enter this palace. When she saw it, she thought it was a pool or lake of water (in its courtyard). Hence, she exposed her shanks (lower parts of legs by pulling up her dress). Sulaiman ( ) said: “It is merely a glass surface of this palace (with water underneath it).” Saba said: “My Creator! Indeed, I have wronged myself, and I submit myself along with Sulaiman ( ) , to Allah, the Creator of the universe.”
وَلَقَدۡ أَرۡسَلۡنَآ إِلَىٰ ثَمُودَ أَخَاهُمۡ صَٰلِحًا أَنِ ٱعۡبُدُواْ ٱللَّهَ فَإِذَا هُمۡ فَرِيقَانِ يَخۡتَصِمُونَ45 45
And, indeed, We sent to Thamud (people) their brother Salih ( ) , saying: “Worship Allah (Alone). But they became two groups (believers and disbelievers) quarrelling with one another.”
قَالَ يَٰقَوۡمِ لِمَ تَسۡتَعۡجِلُونَ بِٱلسَّيِّئَةِ قَبۡلَ ٱلۡحَسَنَةِۖ لَوۡلَا تَسۡتَغۡفِرُونَ ٱللَّهَ لَعَلَّكُمۡ تُرۡحَمُونَ46 46
Salih ( ) said: “O my people! Why are you hurrying for the evil (torment) before the goodness (from Allah’s Mercy)? Why don’t you seek forgiveness of Allah so that His Mercy be showered upon you?”
قَالُواْ ٱطَّيَّرۡنَا بِكَ وَبِمَن مَّعَكَۚ قَالَ طَٰٓئِرُكُمۡ عِندَ ٱللَّهِۖ بَلۡ أَنتُمۡ قَوۡمٞ تُفۡتَنُونَ47 47
They said: “We consider you and those with you an ill omen for us.” Salih ( ) said: “Your ill omen is with Allah. In fact, you are a people who are being tested.”
وَكَانَ فِي ٱلۡمَدِينَةِ تِسۡعَةُ رَهۡطٖ يُفۡسِدُونَ فِي ٱلۡأَرۡضِ وَلَا يُصۡلِحُونَ48 48
And there were nine leaders in the city, who used to spread mischief in the land and would not reform.
قَالُواْ تَقَاسَمُواْ بِٱللَّهِ لَنُبَيِّتَنَّهُۥ وَأَهۡلَهُۥ ثُمَّ لَنَقُولَنَّ لِوَلِيِّهِۦ مَا شَهِدۡنَا مَهۡلِكَ أَهۡلِهِۦ وَإِنَّا لَصَٰدِقُونَ49 49
(One time they plotted the following mischief) They said: “Swear by Allah that we shall attack Salih ( ) and his family during the night and, then, we shall surely say to his near relatives: ‘We did not witness the destruction of his family, and we are telling the truth.”’
وَمَكَرُواْ مَكۡرٗا وَمَكَرۡنَا مَكۡرٗا وَهُمۡ لَا يَشۡعُرُونَ50 50
So they hatched a plot and We made a plan too, while they were not aware of it (i.e. a big rock fell on them and they were completely destroyed – Ad-dur-al-Manthur).
فَٱنظُرۡ كَيۡفَ كَانَ عَٰقِبَةُ مَكۡرِهِمۡ أَنَّا دَمَّرۡنَٰهُمۡ وَقَوۡمَهُمۡ أَجۡمَعِينَ51 51
Then see what the end of their plotting was. Indeed, We destroyed them (as described) and their nation altogether (since the community was the supporter of the mischief makers).
فَتِلۡكَ بُيُوتُهُمۡ خَاوِيَةَۢ بِمَا ظَلَمُوٓاْۚ إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَأٓيَةٗ لِّقَوۡمٖ يَعۡلَمُونَ52 52
So, these are their houses absolutely ruined for the wrong they did. Indeed, there is a lesson in it for the people who have (beneficial) knowledge.
وَأَنجَيۡنَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَكَانُواْ يَتَّقُونَ53 53
And We saved those who believed and used to fear (Allah).
وَلُوطًا إِذۡ قَالَ لِقَوۡمِهِۦٓ أَتَأۡتُونَ ٱلۡفَٰحِشَةَ وَأَنتُمۡ تُبۡصِرُونَ54 54
And (remember) Lut ( ) ! When he said to his people: “Do you engage in obscene activities while you understand (these are obscene activities)?
أَئِنَّكُمۡ لَتَأۡتُونَ ٱلرِّجَالَ شَهۡوَةٗ مِّن دُونِ ٱلنِّسَآءِۚ بَلۡ أَنتُمۡ قَوۡمٞ تَجۡهَلُونَ55 55
“Do you satisfy your sexual lust with men instead of women? In fact, you are absolutely foolish people.”
۞فَمَا كَانَ جَوَابَ قَوۡمِهِۦٓ إِلَّآ أَن قَالُوٓاْ أَخۡرِجُوٓاْ ءَالَ لُوطٖ مِّن قَرۡيَتِكُمۡۖ إِنَّهُمۡ أُنَاسٞ يَتَطَهَّرُونَ56 56
So his people had no other answer to give except that they said: “Expel the fami-ly of Lut ( ) from your town since they pretend to be clean and pure people.”
فَأَنجَيۡنَٰهُ وَأَهۡلَهُۥٓ إِلَّا ٱمۡرَأَتَهُۥ قَدَّرۡنَٰهَا مِنَ ٱلۡغَٰبِرِينَ57 57
So We saved him and his family, except his wife. We destined her (due to her disbelief) to be of those who remained behind (in the torment).
وَأَمۡطَرۡنَا عَلَيۡهِم مَّطَرٗاۖ فَسَآءَ مَطَرُ ٱلۡمُنذَرِينَ58 58
And We rained down on them a (new kind of) rain (of stones). What an evil rain it was for the people who were warned (before this rain).
قُلِ ٱلۡحَمۡدُ لِلَّهِ وَسَلَٰمٌ عَلَىٰ عِبَادِهِ ٱلَّذِينَ ٱصۡطَفَىٰٓۗ ءَآللَّهُ خَيۡرٌ أَمَّا يُشۡرِكُونَ59 59
[O Muham-mad (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him)!] Say: “All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace be on His slaves whom He has chosen (as His mes-sengers). Is Allah better or those whom they ascribe as partners in worship with Allah?
أَمَّنۡ خَلَقَ ٱلسَّمَٰوَٰتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضَ وَأَنزَلَ لَكُم مِّنَ ٱلسَّمَآءِ مَآءٗ فَأَنۢبَتۡنَا بِهِۦ حَدَآئِقَ ذَاتَ بَهۡجَةٖ مَّا كَانَ لَكُمۡ أَن تُنۢبِتُواْ شَجَرَهَآۗ أَءِلَٰهٞ مَّعَ ٱللَّهِۚ بَلۡ هُمۡ قَوۡمٞ يَعۡدِلُونَ60 60
Is not He Who created the heavens and the earth and sent down rain water for you from the sky, and made the lovely gardens to grow with this water, it was not possible for you to grow the trees of these gardens (better than your gods)? Does any other deity deserve to be worshipped along with Allah? (Not at all). Yet they make other gods equal to Allah!
أَمَّن جَعَلَ ٱلۡأَرۡضَ قَرَارٗا وَجَعَلَ خِلَٰلَهَآ أَنۡهَٰرٗا وَجَعَلَ لَهَا رَوَٰسِيَ وَجَعَلَ بَيۡنَ ٱلۡبَحۡرَيۡنِ حَاجِزًاۗ أَءِلَٰهٞ مَّعَ ٱللَّهِۚ بَلۡ أَكۡثَرُهُمۡ لَا يَعۡلَمُونَ61 61
Is not He Who has made the earth as a fixed and firm abode and canals to flow in it and placed mountains on it and has made a barrier between the two seas (better than your gods)? Does any other deity deserve to be worshipped along with Allah? (Not at all). Infact, most of them know nothing.
أَمَّن يُجِيبُ ٱلۡمُضۡطَرَّ إِذَا دَعَاهُ وَيَكۡشِفُ ٱلسُّوٓءَ وَيَجۡعَلُكُمۡ خُلَفَآءَ ٱلۡأَرۡضِۗ أَءِلَٰهٞ مَّعَ ٱللَّهِۚ قَلِيلٗا مَّا تَذَكَّرُونَ62 62
Is not He Who answers the call of a distressed person, when he calls on Him and He removes his hardship and He makes you inherit the land, (better than your gods)? Does any other god deserve worshipping along with Allah? (Not at all). You learn very little from it!
أَمَّن يَهۡدِيكُمۡ فِي ظُلُمَٰتِ ٱلۡبَرِّ وَٱلۡبَحۡرِ وَمَن يُرۡسِلُ ٱلرِّيَٰحَ بُشۡرَۢا بَيۡنَ يَدَيۡ رَحۡمَتِهِۦٓۗ أَءِلَٰهٞ مَّعَ ٱللَّهِۚ تَعَٰلَى ٱللَّهُ عَمَّا يُشۡرِكُونَ63 63
Is not He Who guides you in the darkness of the land and the sea and Who sends the winds before rain as glad tidings (better than your gods)? Does any other deity deserve to be worshipped along with Allah? (Not at all). Highly ex-alted is Allah above all that they associate as partners (to Him)!
أَمَّن يَبۡدَؤُاْ ٱلۡخَلۡقَ ثُمَّ يُعِيدُهُۥ وَمَن يَرۡزُقُكُم مِّنَ ٱلسَّمَآءِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِۗ أَءِلَٰهٞ مَّعَ ٱللَّهِۚ قُلۡ هَاتُواْ بُرۡهَٰنَكُمۡ إِن كُنتُمۡ صَٰدِقِينَ64 64
Is not He Who originally created and shall create them again (on the Day of Resurrection) and Who gives sustenance to you from the heaven and the earth (better than your god)? Does any other deity deserve to be worshipped along with Allah? (Not at all). Say: “Bring forth your proof if you are truthful.”
قُل لَّا يَعۡلَمُ مَن فِي ٱلسَّمَٰوَٰتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ ٱلۡغَيۡبَ إِلَّا ٱللَّهُۚ وَمَا يَشۡعُرُونَ أَيَّانَ يُبۡعَثُونَ65 65
Say: “None in the heavens and the earth knows the Unseen except Allah. They don’t even know when they shall be resurrected.”
بَلِ ٱدَّٰرَكَ عِلۡمُهُمۡ فِي ٱلۡأٓخِرَةِۚ بَلۡ هُمۡ فِي شَكّٖ مِّنۡهَاۖ بَلۡ هُم مِّنۡهَا عَمُونَ66 66
In fact, they have no knowledge of the Hereafter; they are rather in doubt about it. In fact, they are totally blind about it.
وَقَالَ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوٓاْ أَءِذَا كُنَّا تُرَٰبٗا وَءَابَآؤُنَآ أَئِنَّا لَمُخۡرَجُونَ67 67
And the disbelievers say: “When we are reduced to dust and our forefathers – shall we really be brought out (alive from our graves)?
لَقَدۡ وُعِدۡنَا هَٰذَا نَحۡنُ وَءَابَآؤُنَا مِن قَبۡلُ إِنۡ هَٰذَآ إِلَّآ أَسَٰطِيرُ ٱلۡأَوَّلِينَ68 68
“Indeed, We were promised this and our forefathers before this too. Indeed, these are nothing but the stories of the earlier people.”
قُلۡ سِيرُواْ فِي ٱلۡأَرۡضِ فَٱنظُرُواْ كَيۡفَ كَانَ عَٰقِبَةُ ٱلۡمُجۡرِمِينَ69 69
[O Muhammad (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him)!] Say to them: “Travel in the land and see what the end of the criminals was.”
وَلَا تَحۡزَنۡ عَلَيۡهِمۡ وَلَا تَكُن فِي ضَيۡقٖ مِّمَّا يَمۡكُرُونَ70 70
Don’t be grieved about them, nor feel distressed due to what they plot.
وَيَقُولُونَ مَتَىٰ هَٰذَا ٱلۡوَعۡدُ إِن كُنتُمۡ صَٰدِقِينَ71 71
And the disbelievers say (rudely): “When will this promise (of tor-ment) be fulfilled, if you are truthful?”
قُلۡ عَسَىٰٓ أَن يَكُونَ رَدِفَ لَكُم بَعۡضُ ٱلَّذِي تَسۡتَعۡجِلُونَ72 72
Say: “Perhaps that which you like to hasten for, is very near you.
وَإِنَّ رَبَّكَ لَذُو فَضۡلٍ عَلَى ٱلنَّاسِ وَلَٰكِنَّ أَكۡثَرَهُمۡ لَا يَشۡكُرُونَ73 73
“Indeed, your Creator is full of Grace for mankind, yet most of them are not grateful.”
وَإِنَّ رَبَّكَ لَيَعۡلَمُ مَا تُكِنُّ صُدُورُهُمۡ وَمَا يُعۡلِنُونَ74 74
And, indeed, your Creator knows what is hidden in their breasts and what they reveal.
وَمَا مِنۡ غَآئِبَةٖ فِي ٱلسَّمَآءِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ إِلَّا فِي كِتَٰبٖ مُّبِينٍ75 75
And there is nothing hidden in the heaven and the earth but it is in the Clear Book (i.e. Al-Lawh Al-Mahfuz).
إِنَّ هَٰذَا ٱلۡقُرۡءَانَ يَقُصُّ عَلَىٰ بَنِيٓ إِسۡرَٰٓءِيلَ أَكۡثَرَ ٱلَّذِي هُمۡ فِيهِ يَخۡتَلِفُونَ76 76
Indeed, this Quran describes, to the Children of Israel, (the truth) about most of the matters in which they differ.
وَإِنَّهُۥ لَهُدٗى وَرَحۡمَةٞ لِّلۡمُؤۡمِنِينَ77 77
And truly, this Quran is a (special) guide and a (special), mercy for the be-lievers.
إِنَّ رَبَّكَ يَقۡضِي بَيۡنَهُم بِحُكۡمِهِۦۚ وَهُوَ ٱلۡعَزِيزُ ٱلۡعَلِيمُ78 78
Indeed, your Creator will decide between them (i.e. between various sects) by His Judgement (on the Day of Resurrection). And He is the All-Mighty, the All-Knowing.
فَتَوَكَّلۡ عَلَى ٱللَّهِۖ إِنَّكَ عَلَى ٱلۡحَقِّ ٱلۡمُبِينِ79 79
So put your (full) trust in Allah (He will definitely help you, since) you are on the clear truth.
إِنَّكَ لَا تُسۡمِعُ ٱلۡمَوۡتَىٰ وَلَا تُسۡمِعُ ٱلصُّمَّ ٱلدُّعَآءَ إِذَا وَلَّوۡاْ مُدۡبِرِينَ80 80
Indeed, you cannot make the dead to hear nor you can make the deaf to hear when they walk away from you, turning their backs.
وَمَآ أَنتَ بِهَٰدِي ٱلۡعُمۡيِ عَن ضَلَٰلَتِهِمۡۖ إِن تُسۡمِعُ إِلَّا مَن يُؤۡمِنُ بَِٔايَٰتِنَا فَهُم مُّسۡلِمُونَ81 81
And you cannot lead the blind out of their ignorance. You can only make to hear those who believe in Our revelations and follow them sincerely.
۞وَإِذَا وَقَعَ ٱلۡقَوۡلُ عَلَيۡهِمۡ أَخۡرَجۡنَا لَهُمۡ دَآبَّةٗ مِّنَ ٱلۡأَرۡضِ تُكَلِّمُهُمۡ أَنَّ ٱلنَّاسَ كَانُواْ بَِٔايَٰتِنَا لَا يُوقِنُونَ82 82
And when the promise (of torment) is fulfilled against them (i.e. when none is left to enjoin good deeds and forbid from the evil), We shall bring out from the earth a beast which will speak to the people, since the people did not believe firmly in Our revelations.
وَيَوۡمَ نَحۡشُرُ مِن كُلِّ أُمَّةٖ فَوۡجٗا مِّمَّن يُكَذِّبُ بَِٔايَٰتِنَا فَهُمۡ يُوزَعُونَ83 83
And (remember) the Day when We will gather the people from all the na-tions who denied Our revelations, then they will be put in various groups (i.e. sub-groups of drinkers, adulterers etc.)
حَتَّىٰٓ إِذَا جَآءُو قَالَ أَكَذَّبۡتُم بَِٔايَٰتِي وَلَمۡ تُحِيطُواْ بِهَا عِلۡمًا أَمَّاذَا كُنتُمۡ تَعۡمَلُونَ84 84
Till when they come (before their Creator), and He will say: “Why did you deny My revelations while you did not even understand them fully? Or tell me, what you did (which prevented you to even ponder over My revelations)?”
وَوَقَعَ ٱلۡقَوۡلُ عَلَيۡهِم بِمَا ظَلَمُواْ فَهُمۡ لَا يَنطِقُونَ85 85
And the promise (of torment) will be fulfilled against them since they have wronged, so they will not be able to speak (to present an excuse).
أَلَمۡ يَرَوۡاْ أَنَّا جَعَلۡنَا ٱلَّيۡلَ لِيَسۡكُنُواْ فِيهِ وَٱلنَّهَارَ مُبۡصِرًاۚ إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَأٓيَٰتٖ لِّقَوۡمٖ يُؤۡمِنُونَ86 86
Don’t they see that We have made the night so that they may rest in it and the day for clear visibility? Indeed, there are signs in this for the people who are believers.
وَيَوۡمَ يُنفَخُ فِي ٱلصُّورِ فَفَزِعَ مَن فِي ٱلسَّمَٰوَٰتِ وَمَن فِي ٱلۡأَرۡضِ إِلَّا مَن شَآءَ ٱللَّهُۚ وَكُلٌّ أَتَوۡهُ دَٰخِرِينَ87 87
And (remember) the Day when the (first) Trumpet will be blown – and all those who are in the heavens and all those who are on the earth will be terrified except those whom Allah wills (i.e. some angels as in Surah Az-Zumar:68 and also in a Hadith – Ad-dur-al-Manthur ). And all shall come to Him, very humble and submissive.
وَتَرَى ٱلۡجِبَالَ تَحۡسَبُهَا جَامِدَةٗ وَهِيَ تَمُرُّ مَرَّ ٱلسَّحَابِۚ صُنۡعَ ٱللَّهِ ٱلَّذِيٓ أَتۡقَنَ كُلَّ شَيۡءٍۚ إِنَّهُۥ خَبِيرُۢ بِمَا تَفۡعَلُونَ88 88
And you will see the mountains, which you think are firmly seated, flying around like clouds (on that Day). (It is not surprising since) it is the Work of Allah Who has constructed everything strong and perfect (and is Capable of making them weak like wool). Indeed, Allah is Well-Acquainted with what you do (openly and secretly).
مَن جَآءَ بِٱلۡحَسَنَةِ فَلَهُۥ خَيۡرٞ مِّنۡهَا وَهُم مِّن فَزَعٖ يَوۡمَئِذٍ ءَامِنُونَ89 89
Whoever brings a good deed (i.e. is a believer), will have better reward than what he deserves, and they will remain safe from the terror of that Day. (Also Surah Al-Anbiya:103)
وَمَن جَآءَ بِٱلسَّيِّئَةِ فَكُبَّتۡ وُجُوهُهُمۡ فِي ٱلنَّارِ هَلۡ تُجۡزَوۡنَ إِلَّا مَا كُنتُمۡ تَعۡمَلُونَ90 90
And whoever brings an evil deed (i.e. is a disbeliever), they will be thrown on their faces (headlong) in the Hell-Fire. (And it will be said to them): “Are you not being rewarded for what you used to do (in the world)?”
إِنَّمَآ أُمِرۡتُ أَنۡ أَعۡبُدَ رَبَّ هَٰذِهِ ٱلۡبَلۡدَةِ ٱلَّذِي حَرَّمَهَا وَلَهُۥ كُلُّ شَيۡءٖۖ وَأُمِرۡتُ أَنۡ أَكُونَ مِنَ ٱلۡمُسۡلِمِينَ91 91
Indeed, I [Muhammad (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him)] have been commanded to worship the Creator of this city (Makkah), Who has made it a sacred city, and to Whom everything belongs. And I am commanded to be obedient to Allah (in my beliefs and actions)
وَأَنۡ أَتۡلُوَاْ ٱلۡقُرۡءَانَۖ فَمَنِ ٱهۡتَدَىٰ فَإِنَّمَا يَهۡتَدِي لِنَفۡسِهِۦۖ وَمَن ضَلَّ فَقُلۡ إِنَّمَآ أَنَا۠ مِنَ ٱلۡمُنذِرِينَ92 92
And (I am commanded) to recite the Quran to you. So whoever follows the guidance, then, indeed, he follows it for his own benefit. And whoever goes astray, say (to him): “(It does not harm me since) I am only one of the warners, (my duty is only to convey the message).”
وَقُلِ ٱلۡحَمۡدُ لِلَّهِ سَيُرِيكُمۡ ءَايَٰتِهِۦ فَتَعۡرِفُونَهَاۚ وَمَا رَبُّكَ بِغَٰفِلٍ عَمَّا تَعۡمَلُونَ93 93
And [O Muhammad (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him)!] say: “All praise and thanks are due to Allah (Who doesn’t punish till He justifies it). He shall soon show you His signs and you will recognize those signs (if not dur-ing life, then at the time of death but recognition and Iman at the time of death are not acceptable). And your Creator is not unaware of what you do.” (Also Su-rah Fussilat:53)