About the Surah
Surah Title : محمد
English Title : Muhammad
Order in Al-Mushaf : 47
Number of Verses : 38
Type : madinah
Page Number in Al-Mushaf : From Page 507 To Page 510
بِسۡمِ ٱللَّهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ
In the name of Allah, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful.
ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ وَصَدُّواْ عَن سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ أَضَلَّ أَعۡمَٰلَهُمۡ1 1
Those who disbelieve and hinder others from the Path of Allah, Allah will make their deeds null and void.
وَٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَعَمِلُواْ ٱلصَّٰلِحَٰتِ وَءَامَنُواْ بِمَا نُزِّلَ عَلَىٰ مُحَمَّدٖ وَهُوَ ٱلۡحَقُّ مِن رَّبِّهِمۡ كَفَّرَ عَنۡهُمۡ سَئَِّاتِهِمۡ وَأَصۡلَحَ بَالَهُمۡ2 2
And those who believe and do good deeds, and also believe in that which is sent to Muhammad (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) , since it is the true religion from their Creator, He will remove their sins and will enhance their (spiritual) condition (in both the worlds).
ذَٰلِكَ بِأَنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ ٱتَّبَعُواْ ٱلۡبَٰطِلَ وَأَنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ ٱتَّبَعُواْ ٱلۡحَقَّ مِن رَّبِّهِمۡۚ كَذَٰلِكَ يَضۡرِبُ ٱللَّهُ لِلنَّاسِ أَمۡثَٰلَهُمۡ3 3
That is because the disbelievers follow falsehood and the believers follow the truth from their Creator. Thus Allah describes their examples for the (benefit of) mankind.
فَإِذَا لَقِيتُمُ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ فَضَرۡبَ ٱلرِّقَابِ حَتَّىٰٓ إِذَآ أَثۡخَنتُمُوهُمۡ فَشُدُّواْ ٱلۡوَثَاقَ فَإِمَّا مَنَّۢا بَعۡدُ وَإِمَّا فِدَآءً حَتَّىٰ تَضَعَ ٱلۡحَرۡبُ أَوۡزَارَهَاۚ ذَٰلِكَۖ وَلَوۡ يَشَآءُ ٱللَّهُ لَٱنتَصَرَ مِنۡهُمۡ وَلَٰكِن لِّيَبۡلُوَاْ بَعۡضَكُم بِبَعۡضٖۗ وَٱلَّذِينَ قُتِلُواْ فِي سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ فَلَن يُضِلَّ أَعۡمَٰلَهُمۡ4 4
(In order to counteract the evil activities of the disbelievers) so when you meet the disbelievers (in Jihad), hit hard on their necks till you thoroughly sub-due them to hold them captives firmly. (Then you have two options) either free them without penalty (out of generosity) or free them with penalty (whatever is best for Islam), until war activities cease. That is (the Command of Allah). And if Allah willed, He Himself would have taken revenge from them (by His torment). But (Jihad is prescribed) so that Allah may test some of you with others. And those who are killed in the Path of Allah, He will never let their deeds be lost.
سَيَهۡدِيهِمۡ وَيُصۡلِحُ بَالَهُمۡ5 5
He (Allah) will guide them (to their destination) and will improve their con-dition (in the grave, in all stages of the Hereafter).
وَيُدۡخِلُهُمُ ٱلۡجَنَّةَ عَرَّفَهَا لَهُمۡ6 6
And admit them to Paradise which He has made known to them (i.e. they will know their places in Paradise better than they used to know their homes in the world –Bukhari).
يَٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوٓاْ إِن تَنصُرُواْ ٱللَّهَ يَنصُرۡكُمۡ وَيُثَبِّتۡ أَقۡدَامَكُمۡ7 7
O you who believe! If you help (in the Cause of) Allah, He will help you and make your foothold firm (in the battle field and/or on the slippery bridge). (Also see Surah Al-Hajj:40)
وَٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ فَتَعۡسٗا لَّهُمۡ وَأَضَلَّ أَعۡمَٰلَهُمۡ8 8
And there is destruction for the disbelievers and Allah will make their deeds go in vain.
ذَٰلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمۡ كَرِهُواْ مَآ أَنزَلَ ٱللَّهُ فَأَحۡبَطَ أَعۡمَٰلَهُمۡ9 9
That is because they hate that which Allah has sent down (the Quran). Hence, Allah has made their deeds null and void.
۞أَفَلَمۡ يَسِيرُواْ فِي ٱلۡأَرۡضِ فَيَنظُرُواْ كَيۡفَ كَانَ عَٰقِبَةُ ٱلَّذِينَ مِن قَبۡلِهِمۡۖ دَمَّرَ ٱللَّهُ عَلَيۡهِمۡۖ وَلِلۡكَٰفِرِينَ أَمۡثَٰلُهَا10 10
Have they not travelled through the land and seen what was the end of those (disbelievers) before them? Allah destroyed them completely, and a similar pun-ishment will be for the (present) disbelievers.
ذَٰلِكَ بِأَنَّ ٱللَّهَ مَوۡلَى ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَأَنَّ ٱلۡكَٰفِرِينَ لَا مَوۡلَىٰ لَهُمۡ11 11
That is because Allah is the Protector of those who believe while the disbe-lievers have no protector.
إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ يُدۡخِلُ ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَعَمِلُواْ ٱلصَّٰلِحَٰتِ جَنَّٰتٖ تَجۡرِي مِن تَحۡتِهَا ٱلۡأَنۡهَٰرُۖ وَٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ يَتَمَتَّعُونَ وَيَأۡكُلُونَ كَمَا تَأۡكُلُ ٱلۡأَنۡعَٰمُ وَٱلنَّارُ مَثۡوٗى لَّهُمۡ12 12
Indeed, Allah will admit those who believe and do good deeds to Gardens beneath which rivers flow (i.e. Paradise) while the disbelievers enjoy (this life) and eat as cattle eat, and their (real) residence will be Hell Fire.
وَكَأَيِّن مِّن قَرۡيَةٍ هِيَ أَشَدُّ قُوَّةٗ مِّن قَرۡيَتِكَ ٱلَّتِيٓ أَخۡرَجَتۡكَ أَهۡلَكۡنَٰهُمۡ فَلَا نَاصِرَ لَهُمۡ13 13
[O Muhammad (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) !] And We have destroyed many communities which were more powerful than the commu-nity from which you were expelled. So there was no helper for them.
أَفَمَن كَانَ عَلَىٰ بَيِّنَةٖ مِّن رَّبِّهِۦ كَمَن زُيِّنَ لَهُۥ سُوٓءُ عَمَلِهِۦ وَٱتَّبَعُوٓاْ أَهۡوَآءَهُم14 14
Is he who is on a clear proof from his Creator, like those for whom their evil deeds are made attractive and they follow their (vain) desires?
مَّثَلُ ٱلۡجَنَّةِ ٱلَّتِي وُعِدَ ٱلۡمُتَّقُونَۖ فِيهَآ أَنۡهَٰرٞ مِّن مَّآءٍ غَيۡرِ ءَاسِنٖ وَأَنۡهَٰرٞ مِّن لَّبَنٖ لَّمۡ يَتَغَيَّرۡ طَعۡمُهُۥ وَأَنۡهَٰرٞ مِّنۡ خَمۡرٖ لَّذَّةٖ لِّلشَّٰرِبِينَ وَأَنۡهَٰرٞ مِّنۡ عَسَلٖ مُّصَفّٗىۖ وَلَهُمۡ فِيهَا مِن كُلِّ ٱلثَّمَرَٰتِ وَمَغۡفِرَةٞ مِّن رَّبِّهِمۡۖ كَمَنۡ هُوَ خَٰلِدٞ فِي ٱلنَّارِ وَسُقُواْ مَآءً حَمِيمٗا فَقَطَّعَ أَمۡعَآءَهُمۡ15 15
The characteristics of Paradise which has been promised to the pious persons (are as follows). There are canals of water in it which will not become stale, and canals of milk of which the taste will never change, and canals of wine enjoyable for those who drink it, and canals of clear and pure honey. And for them there are fruits of all kinds and forgiveness from their Creator. (Are these people) like those who will reside in the Fire forever and will be made to drink boiling water which will cut up their bowels?
وَمِنۡهُم مَّن يَسۡتَمِعُ إِلَيۡكَ حَتَّىٰٓ إِذَا خَرَجُواْ مِنۡ عِندِكَ قَالُواْ لِلَّذِينَ أُوتُواْ ٱلۡعِلۡمَ مَاذَا قَالَ ءَانِفًاۚ أُوْلَٰٓئِكَ ٱلَّذِينَ طَبَعَ ٱللَّهُ عَلَىٰ قُلُوبِهِمۡ وَٱتَّبَعُوٓاْ أَهۡوَآءَهُمۡ16 16
[O Muhammad (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) !] And some of them (i.e. hypocrites) (pretend to) listen to you, but when they go out from you, they say to the knowledgeable people (jokingly and sarcastically): “What did he say just now?” Allah has sealed the hearts of such people (i.e. no guidance can penetrate their hearts) and they follow their evil desires.
وَٱلَّذِينَ ٱهۡتَدَوۡاْ زَادَهُمۡ هُدٗى وَءَاتَىٰهُمۡ تَقۡوَىٰهُمۡ17 17
And those who follow the guidance, He (Allah) increases their guidance and grants them piety.
فَهَلۡ يَنظُرُونَ إِلَّا ٱلسَّاعَةَ أَن تَأۡتِيَهُم بَغۡتَةٗۖ فَقَدۡ جَآءَ أَشۡرَاطُهَاۚ فَأَنَّىٰ لَهُمۡ إِذَا جَآءَتۡهُمۡ ذِكۡرَىٰهُمۡ18 18
So are they (hypocrites) waiting for the Day of Resurrection to come to them suddenly? But some of its indicators have already come (e.g. splitting of the moon, the last Prophet etc). When the Day of Resurrection actually occurs, then how can they benefit from (any of) their reminder?
فَٱعۡلَمۡ أَنَّهُۥ لَآ إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا ٱللَّهُ وَٱسۡتَغۡفِرۡ لِذَنۢبِكَ وَلِلۡمُؤۡمِنِينَ وَٱلۡمُؤۡمِنَٰتِۗ وَٱللَّهُ يَعۡلَمُ مُتَقَلَّبَكُمۡ وَمَثۡوَىٰكُمۡ19 19
[O Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) !] So believe firmly that none has the right to be worshipped except Allah, and ask forgiveness for your sins and also (for the sins) of the believing men and believing women. And Allah knows your moving around and the place of your rest (in your homes) (i.e. Allah knows all your deeds and conditions, day and night, hidden and ap-parent).
وَيَقُولُ ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لَوۡلَا نُزِّلَتۡ سُورَةٞۖ فَإِذَآ أُنزِلَتۡ سُورَةٞ مُّحۡكَمَةٞ وَذُكِرَ فِيهَا ٱلۡقِتَالُ رَأَيۡتَ ٱلَّذِينَ فِي قُلُوبِهِم مَّرَضٞ يَنظُرُونَ إِلَيۡكَ نَظَرَ ٱلۡمَغۡشِيِّ عَلَيۡهِ مِنَ ٱلۡمَوۡتِۖ فَأَوۡلَىٰ لَهُمۡ20 20
And the (sincere) believers (who were anxiously waiting for the permission for Jihad) say: “Why is not a Surah revealed?” But when a Surah is revealed which has clear instructions about fighting in the Cause of Allah, then you see those who have disease (of hypocrisy) in their hearts look towards you with a look of one who is fainting near his death. It would have been better for them,
طَاعَةٞ وَقَوۡلٞ مَّعۡرُوفٞۚ فَإِذَا عَزَمَ ٱلۡأَمۡرُ فَلَوۡ صَدَقُواْ ٱللَّهَ لَكَانَ خَيۡرٗا لَّهُمۡ21 21
To obey the Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) and say good things about the Prophet. So when the preparation for Jihad is complete, it is better for them to fulfil the promise with Allah (for fighting in His Cause) – Ibn Kathir.
فَهَلۡ عَسَيۡتُمۡ إِن تَوَلَّيۡتُمۡ أَن تُفۡسِدُواْ فِي ٱلۡأَرۡضِ وَتُقَطِّعُوٓاْ أَرۡحَامَكُمۡ22 22
If you are made rulers, it is very likely that you will spread mischief in the land and sever your ties of kinship (i.e. return to the period of ignorance and avoid Jihad – Ibn Kathir).
أُوْلَٰٓئِكَ ٱلَّذِينَ لَعَنَهُمُ ٱللَّهُ فَأَصَمَّهُمۡ وَأَعۡمَىٰٓ أَبۡصَٰرَهُمۡ23 23
Allah has removed such people from His Mercy and made them deaf (to hear the guidance of Allah) and blinded their sight (to see the Right Path).
أَفَلَا يَتَدَبَّرُونَ ٱلۡقُرۡءَانَ أَمۡ عَلَىٰ قُلُوبٍ أَقۡفَالُهَآ24 24
Don’t they ponder over (the miracles and commands of) the Quran? Or are there (unseen) locks put on their hearts?
إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ ٱرۡتَدُّواْ عَلَىٰٓ أَدۡبَٰرِهِم مِّنۢ بَعۡدِ مَا تَبَيَّنَ لَهُمُ ٱلۡهُدَى ٱلشَّيۡطَٰنُ سَوَّلَ لَهُمۡ وَأَمۡلَىٰ لَهُمۡ25 25
(Reason for this lack of reflection is) Indeed, those who turned back (as dis-believers) after they had seen the guidance, clearly Satan beautified for them (their deeds) (e.g. saying, don’t waste your life in Jihad etc.) and Allah has de-layed (their punishment).
ذَٰلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمۡ قَالُواْ لِلَّذِينَ كَرِهُواْ مَا نَزَّلَ ٱللَّهُ سَنُطِيعُكُمۡ فِي بَعۡضِ ٱلۡأَمۡرِۖ وَٱللَّهُ يَعۡلَمُ إِسۡرَارَهُمۡ26 26
This (turning back) is due to their saying to those (i.e. the leaders of Jews) who hate what Allah has sent down: “We will soon obey you in certain matters.” And Allah fully knows their secrets.
فَكَيۡفَ إِذَا تَوَفَّتۡهُمُ ٱلۡمَلَٰٓئِكَةُ يَضۡرِبُونَ وُجُوهَهُمۡ وَأَدۡبَٰرَهُمۡ27 27
So how will it be when the angels will take away their souls at death time, hitting hard their faces and their backs? (Also see Surah Al-Anfal:50)
ذَٰلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمُ ٱتَّبَعُواْ مَآ أَسۡخَطَ ٱللَّهَ وَكَرِهُواْ رِضۡوَٰنَهُۥ فَأَحۡبَطَ أَعۡمَٰلَهُمۡ28 28
That is because they followed the Path which angered Allah and they hated that which pleased Him. Hence, Allah made their deeds null and void.
أَمۡ حَسِبَ ٱلَّذِينَ فِي قُلُوبِهِم مَّرَضٌ أَن لَّن يُخۡرِجَ ٱللَّهُ أَضۡغَٰنَهُمۡ29 29
Or do those, in whose hearts is a disease (of hypocrisy and they try to hide it), think that Allah will not bring to light their (secret) ill-wills?
وَلَوۡ نَشَآءُ لَأَرَيۡنَٰكَهُمۡ فَلَعَرَفۡتَهُم بِسِيمَٰهُمۡۚ وَلَتَعۡرِفَنَّهُمۡ فِي لَحۡنِ ٱلۡقَوۡلِۚ وَٱللَّهُ يَعۡلَمُ أَعۡمَٰلَكُمۡ30 30
And had We willed, We could have showed them all to you, so you would have recognized them from their faces. And you can still recognize them from the tone of their speech! And Allah fully knows all your deeds.
وَلَنَبۡلُوَنَّكُمۡ حَتَّىٰ نَعۡلَمَ ٱلۡمُجَٰهِدِينَ مِنكُمۡ وَٱلصَّٰبِرِينَ وَنَبۡلُوَاْ أَخۡبَارَكُمۡ31 31
And We will surely, test you (by some of Our difficult Commands) till We let those be known who strive hard and remain steadfast from you and We shall test all your conditions (in Jihad and in other matters).
إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ وَصَدُّواْ عَن سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ وَشَآقُّواْ ٱلرَّسُولَ مِنۢ بَعۡدِ مَا تَبَيَّنَ لَهُمُ ٱلۡهُدَىٰ لَن يَضُرُّواْ ٱللَّهَ شَيۡٔٗا وَسَيُحۡبِطُ أَعۡمَٰلَهُمۡ32 32
Indeed, those who disbelieved, and hindered others from the Path of Allah and opposed the Messenger (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) after they had seen the guidance clearly, they will not harm Allah a bit. And Allah will soon make their deeds null and void.
۞يَٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوٓاْ أَطِيعُواْ ٱللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُواْ ٱلرَّسُولَ وَلَا تُبۡطِلُوٓاْ أَعۡمَٰلَكُمۡ33 33
O you who believe! Obey Allah and obey the Messenger [(Muhammad (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) ] and let not your deeds go in vain.
إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ وَصَدُّواْ عَن سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ ثُمَّ مَاتُواْ وَهُمۡ كُفَّارٞ فَلَن يَغۡفِرَ ٱللَّهُ لَهُمۡ34 34
Indeed, those who disbelieved and hindered others from the Path of Allah, then died while they were disbelievers, Allah will not forgive them.
فَلَا تَهِنُواْ وَتَدۡعُوٓاْ إِلَى ٱلسَّلۡمِ وَأَنتُمُ ٱلۡأَعۡلَوۡنَ وَٱللَّهُ مَعَكُمۡ وَلَن يَتِرَكُمۡ أَعۡمَٰلَكُمۡ35 35
So don’t show weakness by inviting them for a truce (a peaceful agreement) and you will definitely dominate. And Allah is with you. (This is a great predic-tion of future conquest for the believers). And Allah will never let your (good) deeds go waste.
إِنَّمَا ٱلۡحَيَوٰةُ ٱلدُّنۡيَا لَعِبٞ وَلَهۡوٞۚ وَإِن تُؤۡمِنُواْ وَتَتَّقُواْ يُؤۡتِكُمۡ أُجُورَكُمۡ وَلَا يَسَۡٔلۡكُمۡ أَمۡوَٰلَكُمۡ36 36
Indeed, this worldly life is simply a play and (temporary) enjoyment. And if you believe, and fear Allah, He will reward you fully and will not ask you from your wealth (for some benefit for Him).
إِن يَسَۡٔلۡكُمُوهَا فَيُحۡفِكُمۡ تَبۡخَلُواْ وَيُخۡرِجۡ أَضۡغَٰنَكُمۡ37 37
If (by way of test) Allah asks you for your wealth and insists on it, then (most of) you will act miserly and Allah will reveal your (secret) ill-wills (to spend in the Cause of Allah).
هَٰٓأَنتُمۡ هَٰٓؤُلَآءِ تُدۡعَوۡنَ لِتُنفِقُواْ فِي سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ فَمِنكُم مَّن يَبۡخَلُۖ وَمَن يَبۡخَلۡ فَإِنَّمَا يَبۡخَلُ عَن نَّفۡسِهِۦۚ وَٱللَّهُ ٱلۡغَنِيُّ وَأَنتُمُ ٱلۡفُقَرَآءُۚ وَإِن تَتَوَلَّوۡاْ يَسۡتَبۡدِلۡ قَوۡمًا غَيۡرَكُمۡ ثُمَّ لَا يَكُونُوٓاْ أَمۡثَٰلَكُم38 38
Note that you are those who are invited to spend (part of) your wealth in the Path of Allah, yet some of you act miserly. And whoever acts miserly, he is a miser to himself only. And Allah is All-Rich (Free of all needs) and you are poor (and needy). (Since you are needy, you are invited to spend in the Cause of Allah to satisfy your need in the Hereafter). And if you turn away (from Allah’s Com-mands), Allah will replace you with other people and they shall not be like you. (They shall be more obedient and will spend willingly in the Path of Allah).